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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:
;N)j'l2y5L$n1). When a sentence begins with there:
"R4N;G9~&S0z5G$jbbs.englishcn.comE.g. There is no basis for this complaint. 英语论坛+U+v0x;[8R6c:`,{

/E/y8o2Z-c$U&t3L!wEnglish learners' Forum2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:英语论坛2K7l(h(c8n6B7?
E.g. On the corner stood a police officer. English learners' Forum)j0x)~4J9V+U4V5L3s*w.Z
英语论坛6p#N(f3Z)a4y$Y3z*K:z5]
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:
't)X(y"^4S/T/r.d"?English learners' ForumE.g. Never has the world faced so many problems. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地/P.Q:a0G$?6R0|

!N(~!K%z(R3B:g4z"A英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4). When a sentence begins with only:English learners' Forum(e"~2n(Q/_ [3r#E#}
E.g. Only once was John late to class.
3@+|![!M"U-M英语论坛
'T0o Q#t;d c.u(I+|7d!pEnglish learners' Forum5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:英语论坛'd"o+E$?0n
E.g. Down came the rain.English learners' Forum;['`&c$@&b$U-H5W#o:H
English learners' Forum1b5g*n.\4h
问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?English learners' Forum5E-A p#m&~-V3n2v6\

+W7b/f;_3p0O8H,v+bBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:
1P1D#Y;G+N-?%B%E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1). 句子以there开头:
/Q-s:e-q P英语论坛例:There is no basis for this complaint. English learners' Forum3F+X&i"e5|6U&z7S/^

.g%x'z2V;T(H:f1T5Ibbs.englishcn.com2). 句子以介词短语开头:BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方:s%h"f h8s#T
例:On the corner stood a police officer. 英语论坛-}0\!n9\)}5l!w+V6h(\
bbs.englishcn.com&x8l9Z6U,I U3}
3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2S!G9Y9z6t/F(n.|(]
例:Never has the world faced so many problems. bbs.englishcn.com3w.d4~ m!L$~9f

)M!F5K0T)X'^4). 句子以only开头:
8t*h4o-O-c(s例:Only once was John late to class. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2v5G!U4X$[.\
"M#Y5^9v+Z8C {
5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:English learners' Forum&Y4m*f&E%}/T*B4R
例:Down came the rain.

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32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be ;{&w)`:_$O"M1q5B
either "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two 英语论坛"J&i:Y"Y ]-a.F:p#Y
forms?
/U:o!O6A&A(M8tbbs.englishcn.comBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方9r6U!Q0_1D1U7w)j+b
Answer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" asEnglish learners' Forum3N0J5V/z8u.k
its past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to causeBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(t"y.O4p#s
to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" forBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!N9G$m4K!u(K6m)B3u
its past tense form and past participle.
*w/~*t.A X'n#T)M%d/C英语论坛
4g2V4J9L1]%W8N.g*X英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什#w"y;f+\2m9S0{&j
么区别吗?
0?5m.k2T)j&WBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语论坛%L%Q1o8]/b6O"y"q1D
回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*_/W9T,b"c5o&J5h
,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?
'?*r5T3Q'c9u7xBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5a+l*c+p"n
Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".English learners' Forum9O'q0q!Q6P7r-l
bbs.englishcn.com,F:I2}!J3p3\
问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?bbs.englishcn.com9e6L&~2T9`:s8~ _
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"I+y!c9x7_-E)f,D4c(P,b7G
回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?
2J5?.v1f'[5v9D:^-~bbs.englishcn.com*^'a:Y-y*J3p.t*n#x2S
Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".
#`-D!E C3p#}bbs.englishcn.comEnglish learners' Forum,z+Y%s(Z;?)y
问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5K;O&x z7H'x ?-W
6D"E;b*U;^'D
回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/]/h1V:}7C,K!i;W3y
3|6f4Y&|%^3z;n"a"h0p
Answer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.
-F,n"b4a:x5c c8]BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'e:L)y-k/~#Y
1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.
4n(J7C*N/T9yBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方English learners' Forum#}.d.L:J2c'{6b
2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.
(?,t/K!e5L英语论坛
(o3D*]$a3x1{BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.bbs.englishcn.com0X;J:Q*h9l#J$z5V

8y-l'\/M1P;nbbs.englishcn.com问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?英语论坛-p P)U7D"R6@7O4\
英语论坛*b0y/e!x(O.~/v1}7`
回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form? :j3n"?7B*z0c'@$H

"G&}#L1?*Y;k%y6J/e英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:
:S#P*E1r } _+A1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--sooner英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2Y6W&?([*r:H2W o
2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.6w&a0U7T6\%e#?(V
3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+M*d7Q!K9E!{5W2z
4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.bbs.englishcn.com'\ ?9P%R#`!p
5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier.英语论坛6E*q#f7t9`

8\5L"y&i8Z.~/H5?([问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?-\*\0J5j.W*U9Q-L

#G(X P,o8a%u"J+u6A(ebbs.englishcn.com回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地7G!y;I.d t*h3K)v4?
1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。
0I4b$R.z-o4H2DBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:thick--thicker; soon--sooner
/_9B(s'Y(C*O0m(X&S英语论坛2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。
1O1F*C1n'C3V6b's如:more beautiful; more importantbbs.englishcn.com2_!n8e-O;x/@!e(\ W$p
3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。
+Y:E:u"i._;H#P.D;i英语论坛如:more useful; more boring; more cautiousbbs.englishcn.com:S:j0m'X8n'i1T
4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0@)[*[,g#G6z
如:big--bigger; hot--hotterEnglish learners' Forum7j8{-n'h'[3i,O'h.l
5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。$c(Z4L/D(Q
如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?4F A7W%a1~/p6\

6a1c#^,A$C+X;H J%|%N;{English learners' ForumAnswer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:w'`9z+B#W"F%W)\*f
English learners' Forum2B/d3p(?8l+c0i
1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.
's%T#f"b,\!Z7r+d4n)o:k;i英语论坛E.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom.
#q5J/Z7R.~5sbbs.englishcn.com(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.bbs.englishcn.com)x'r4r3z6W8P9w.k
(3). After he left, I went to bed.
(G;S$S-C;P5n
-m#L)},t*e8^%E,t(ebbs.englishcn.com2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"
8J([#J4]+F.Z1l英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g.(1). It was he at he door.'t;m4f*~&f(@
(2). It must have been they who left the message.
'o#H+n3q4ybbs.englishcn.com,x&m!x,K$H(u.@#k)J
3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.bbs.englishcn.com4@6f7c"V$n*O9d
E.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).
9}#l$W;i#u-Q'C(2). They have more money than we (have).
$q"J7W8o.]0m英语论坛
:O(u;Y/M6Y"~*j:S3v;\7W问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?
#n"n(t'\:D(?-q%s5|"p1X(G英语论坛
5^3V9I*r/qbbs.englishcn.com回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:English learners' Forum,U.r&Q9w,]9A/Q
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地&Y#c*_ d)c;V+_
1). 作主句或从句的主语English learners' Forum-f%{*`!B/Q
如: (1). He left his book in the classroom. ,N,E%e%N+C z5r6l0o
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.:_:J5h-L1A
(3). After he left, I went to bed.
7L2J;e$e(@8@ q1V6v英语论坛英语论坛2N;f;Q,S.D:o:A9Z8G
2). 用于“to be”后
.Y3E4|'w7m,l4Y'Cbbs.englishcn.com如:(1). It was he at he door.
7L(['B#K$Nbbs.englishcn.com(2). It must have been they who left the message.
%B.^'x6E&G a5KBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
(^'@&[7W)j0E:F+]English learners' Forum3). 两个从句的主语做比较时
6G;`;x9O.i(F*~1p如:(1). She is taller than he (is).
7o(V/R,o#E&a(2). They have more money than we (have).

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(i-I2m+|/Q4p/a
8b$S9_$i9n1R
Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives.
!F'P8h!e9o#P+c*c.JE.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
/d5u*y)Q)z9j6{&Qbbs.englishcn.com
:h%R6j9e8k5\/i6q4oEnglish learners' ForumPerceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.
-Q!W#i%m&R8f%{BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. I heard them shout something.English learners' Forum7?*n$g,w$~7I!v9Q!L8O

0q&h.i1z1g1I/_英语论坛Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)
2A+? S3G-w:{9Y3o(C;R英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)
8g!h.?.y*_2P%{英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语论坛/m:?4@5|-W4X
问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?%n:i:R6o/a
English learners' Forum#J8k)q-N3t
回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地6`0k!N E2W'u8M$S h
如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
3U n(i4M%r4|0T0o xBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2| z%t&g#o7p/u"|
感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方8K,v/}2\"^
如:I heard them shout something.
5@,s9U!h:X!N&L,a"u/EBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0M7w+?8g#r6G8k.d
注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)English learners' Forum N3L/h+T0w-C2M
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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现在开通英语博克!
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"? bbs.englishcn.com(A'p6o)a8?*R6J.\;P

,W0q'p0L0L4Y-A#OAnswer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.English learners' Forum'|4y f;}0[:u5k
E.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he?
4^6X%S2L.c)S;X-X2@9O英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+`'z5` k6g1X9n.F
问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?
-\0Y'k%D8o,g英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地English learners' Forum;A.@,~-s%I"k/w
回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。bbs.englishcn.com1p'Q)t*X*q6u
如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方.{.U/T1Q&X$v,]0^/K'c
English learners' Forum'b(X$Z&H2B4^:p
Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".English learners' Forum*V5g2q(y1D%U-Q
E.g. He went to bed late last night.
!K6m+\(j6l1~#q"v1h6^English learners' Forum"Lately" means "in the resent past".英语论坛2u'u2G1W(W&d8I6d+B
E.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.
0|3L7~&y1u }bbs.englishcn.com英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*U7S(o({1J \!N0k
问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?
'V1N*{5q6j0}-X3\英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
&m-Z8N.n.d*H.M8T回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。
-o(y0U&d!p4o*\(KBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:He went to bed late last night.
'u4k8V9q8v+| l*x,H4f“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。English learners' Forum8Y t)I;p;?4I'I;r9f
如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?
,j#n8z&Q$E9_ y,M.XBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方bbs.englishcn.com4\0f(d7B6w#F;?4m
Answer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.Y4x5p0q f*m7T.v
E.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.bbs.englishcn.com.[2_3`%O'K#x
"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".
#H)z5Z;s;T7B英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$L+};q3i:{7m+_
English learners' Forum-Q!z$g,C!B/R7}3B0J9E
问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?6]/N,~$}#b+F3k&r7c

6?&?,{+j2^回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。English learners' Forum7l2v7D'X&t/c3[;P
如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.English learners' Forum/d.|%n1E!p!p
“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'j#O(N)U ]-x
如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."?
,t#h&k0t4j+j8}
4U0T-F8{1L3e+RBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.bbs.englishcn.com8}+t0E"['s3~,f3g
E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he?
$g2A E1{'H6^#EThe same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".
/d2N&b:^(p-}3ZE.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?英语论坛0W G#^7^"G5W*\
         You'd better go at once, hadn't you? English learners' Forum8N,O0@%r'O$g6k:y
Note:
1X2T-E8B)X,^/O$BEnglish learners' Forum1). "have" as auxiliary verb
.Z;Z8p w7{3]8fBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
&r-S!m!|+|8t&H;J'^%b1pBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2). "have" as action verb/G4q%B$v9S,C5D
E.g. You have no brother, do you? English learners' Forum%C)U(@,i2j:|)L4w
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+M!S:[/O-Z:t'S7_
问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的?
"p2C"H!c+u1n0jBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&c'r7E9f"`'l/d.a
回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。2u7D.E3o$]#r0{9~
如:He has to study English, doesn't he?8V7Y:] E!\9?!Q;S7B
“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。1m)e K5h2v
如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?bbs.englishcn.com [9q0D4f)Q1w.X
        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?
7k2O2w5^4M'}英语论坛注意:
.o;k-G#h.u$o#`bbs.englishcn.com1).“have”作为助动词。
1o,g+h.r/d*\BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
*a,U!^ ~#z(W'QEnglish learners' Forum2).“have”作为实义动词。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地'~;]-{6F.a2|!H:l3N7}
如:You have no brother, do you?

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43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives?
1r6k.a({.M(`英语论坛bbs.englishcn.com6]1H;?!a1w:~'D"k/w @6C
Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.bbs.englishcn.com0X4_3O%g3`(n;F
Examples: bbs.englishcn.com$V"g.Z3l9x1@'s8W3W
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3m$Y4k0S6k2M+~"W/p
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
9d0q6J9L(w(D8Y/M2Q1U Tbbs.englishcn.comc) We went by a fast (adj.) train.bbs.englishcn.com'q Q7k"F4f
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).bbs.englishcn.com6n/V,F6N5[2^#J
Some time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.
+s8Q2Q+e5eExamples:
1O;R"r)]:P3v9Y3g.q0{8L uBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方a) I disagree to the above statement.:_0p.X5B2@!o:V.U
b) The down path is very dangerous. ,`#T(C&Q)}&I9|5w4Y1_%B

(b+j8}0h3v&G;@8J%@英语论坛问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!b+} e:H6I

$l7C"{'n.T,z.E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。
'u.z8p*R;]8];J2f:T*g例:bbs.englishcn.com4U8m9h${!`)B0P8E4d3H5@
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.
(L%P5h3{9o-K6e2P"U(Tb) We had breakfast early (adv.).
2Y,n9I:G!xbbs.englishcn.comc) We went by a fast (adj.) train.英语论坛5Y9g8j-l)T+x%o2m*r
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
3]2r/S&B;K;T5|:t2v(? i"P英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。3|#E7v7@/h3N#}3S;^
例:
#O5G2}7t.u0M:y*K.dbbs.englishcn.coma) I disagree to the above statement.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地+_7H0V%Q2H%O;f)O7B
b) The down path is very dangerous.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地6n4B8r"b4K

7W-P'j:x0C#`0W.n1c'cBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.英语论坛;u%k*q3Y1G2}9P
E.g. U7A$f/r,u9B8r;h4m
1) He has already finished his homework.
*U6?0}2?/H(I英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) I have not finished reading the book yet. bbs.englishcn.com%e4r0@.}'{)v7Z-A%z-~
Note: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.英语论坛"{#a8i&A t'Z
E.g. Have you already seen him? 英语论坛3T5b3D5Q0R1i;|'{
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.bbs.englishcn.com&{.R2n+P9P-k+M5a0W/a
E.g.
.Q,_'s#X&Y:I2R1) She still likes him.
4N.x#I*c3F3b"u+{5H!m'?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2) I still can not understand you. bbs.englishcn.com2I"[%x'X%B%R4n
Note: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9Q3q$b(Q%I:q"|5u
E.g. English learners' Forum1~.i/P Y0X4X;e4V4s
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地${)D B+d*L5Z5@9C
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless) 英语论坛'h/}+I)r7`;d9C3h"V

!L/z3R3^&M!|7Y/V%n,u0_bbs.englishcn.com问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.Y9N.`4S(K.A+}4n

/O*d A1F7u-D!aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。
2l-b/z(y4g1t&s5`英语论坛如:
`(f+s1X#M(g/a'X(b2?English learners' Forum1) He has already finished his homework.bbs.englishcn.com2](A&h:\*a"r3n)f)G
2) I have not finished reading the book yet.
"}5i;d!l4u0aEnglish learners' Forum注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。英语论坛"[,T/\)H5i*Q1R6f#h
如:Have you already seen him? English learners' Forum-B0m9R"[#p*V-S2]$S%v
“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。 E h&H5k+Q'k%H1a%?;?
如:
%R5f+Y*D2H3@English learners' Forum1) She still likes him.
/m,n)M0x's8?;w"_$XBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2) I still can not understand you.
*H+o%O7B8f r)g'y8u注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。
)X3_9T/|0r8V7u1V4Q如:English learners' Forum"~ M u+e.u%u5[.`!l&[)l
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)
-G!o!q/])K+p8@;w([%Dbbs.englishcn.com2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方:?7W1o:}"| ?8L
English learners' Forum-w9A:d/K9S1n'B
Answer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.
1Z1i2\8C-s'ybbs.englishcn.comE.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?*X+F0l.] ^
When it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.English learners' Forum(V#s0{2C3b
E.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?
2N/b!{&q6\'c9HEnglish learners' ForumPay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".
k8o'b)B/@+B$c,l6n+m7O"zBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Let's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)
,N+t(t3p;c8?8~0c!W英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request)bbs.englishcn.com$O)o*w-z2T7k

$L:N/H&u(L-E英语论坛问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?3d&_3|#y-w.U

!u(b*K/]4U-q"C(d回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。英语论坛;w'E(`*{4^3\*z%u8^
如:Let's play tennis, shall we?
*t!A,p%W-M+b1r!`#|5U nBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。
;s+X"R'{,O/K%HEnglish learners' Forum如:Let's not go to the party, OK?
$Q:I&k,b1V!R$L4P;W"|bbs.englishcn.com注意区别“let us”和“let's”。English learners' Forum4Z#T/d,b/W9g$j(@8d v
Let's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议)
2l'C2P5b)Y%v!t8i,B8N"@bbs.englishcn.comLet us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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