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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:
B8S5b!b.z5Y rBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1). When a sentence begins with there:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5f3G3U0v(r1b;b7K8g,t5J
E.g. There is no basis for this complaint.
&\*f5F*H'a3e&eEnglish learners' Forum
*U(H8`/j(H%^$vEnglish learners' Forum2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:
"e5o6h5P*n)D!c/Y+WBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. On the corner stood a police officer.
8o)E#m,@ ^2J.[)k"`3u英语论坛:k-l*]:\5I9q2~
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:
8[;_%j;R%C!h&W0a(@英语论坛E.g. Never has the world faced so many problems.
(j"y7x't.a'b*qEnglish learners' Forum
)?(B"S:G4T!@(@bbs.englishcn.com4). When a sentence begins with only:
$?3a'`7Q+q%G!`5l!?'w&^英语论坛E.g. Only once was John late to class.
+O"R U U g0h9^0e英语论坛
.j*m;y9S:U*S3A2f+?bbs.englishcn.com5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:)B-g:|1h5S&e'|5Y
E.g. Down came the rain.bbs.englishcn.com2R5g"J7O&a-F0b'Q!h

:?*D&|"W&z3_%QEnglish learners' Forum问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?bbs.englishcn.com3q9B2V3m9?6d,Y;N

;j0[)i ]4`/c7z8j5I英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:
)i3V-H5K*N3Gbbs.englishcn.com1). 句子以there开头:BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方#u+s6\(m-_4H/M6Q4l
例:There is no basis for this complaint.
#S!d;Q9`2{:u+A,D
6o2L5I"h/T2D3pbbs.englishcn.com2). 句子以介词短语开头:bbs.englishcn.com8m.I7n)|1|!X7}$J
例:On the corner stood a police officer. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 P7B/A2C'a8m+s3V
English learners' Forum6Z4U-Q&h5@5k8I
3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:English learners' Forum8^!V0J(G-S
例:Never has the world faced so many problems.
+j8T.w4n T0B3C!D(t-S)s0dbbs.englishcn.combbs.englishcn.com6P"e!A5M;g-w7G"d;r7C.e
4). 句子以only开头:0j%m(k6j/a7[5H0K+]7\5_"C)`
例:Only once was John late to class.
#k:Y8v;L6g9k-f英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
.s#U8K.I0Y,Y8|英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:
1e;v0}$A5V:S m5tbbs.englishcn.com例:Down came the rain.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be
&C(F#b!\8m2Y:}English learners' Forumeither "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two
+N1n;|,j'Q英语论坛forms?English learners' Forum1~:O3o1H5t)Y

8E2T4\5\0HBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" as英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(T/U*b9u#W/R:f+T/a$\
its past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to causeBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&n!I:C7l w4O*]
to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" for
%y,\ V1Z5u;C%B#dbbs.englishcn.comits past tense form and past participle.
.^)e!z'o:o#v'b,a6bEnglish learners' Forum
+a#T.])~;p:D9w6]!A问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什
6q6f3B&[(f8W.w&`bbs.englishcn.com么区别吗?
-?5F;_'f0t7Ubbs.englishcn.com英语论坛5};F"x:q(P:f%Q;v
回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”英语论坛"A.p:v4n9z+x"o
,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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现在开通英语博克!
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?英语论坛.t!P9Z%M Y*r.`'E2H-]
英语论坛$E9Q8n)S/U0S5v+C&z
Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".英语论坛5^,N#S6N!P/}

!r;I3u6K1x4?7i5k+P,X问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?
'{-S$X:]'U;P$C(@&G$Bbbs.englishcn.comEnglish learners' Forum2d%R*r#e(y/y2Z5g-T
回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&V%^;L"e.\%s4e
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方%c8Q x8F"R;k%s6H6N
Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".英语论坛,} k7j,B2E:J-o:\:o m"T6Q(v

0F3D/O6N/z*V*H英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?2f;o#h3n0J&u3e'P6~

,C"M5C8?1g.Jbbs.englishcn.com回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?English learners' Forum*h-W6r2_*A

-n)l'P;g#L,}:P!t:z.n英语论坛Answer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)E4u-C9@"x(D"m
English learners' Forum7I,a:F1x/K,k2C5t4A"V2X
1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.
;P8K9Y#g2s:E(}9E,{%aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方-o'q d7];E%r"N't
2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.bbs.englishcn.com$p:K!x&]5O&N't%Z,D:p
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,w7I1p6u(B1Q0i3s;c+N,t
3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.
+y/p)T&p-~-{8O:pEnglish learners' ForumEnglish learners' Forum,Y-w;t4j'[ C$F0W#V!Q
问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?
8X.i(?8z!U$m8W!_4m5[;@英语论坛
/T.Z(W+h*S/h"V"J7Zbbs.englishcn.com回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form?
$m0n!|)C"Y&i3]2?"H(G
%w1[6\+B;E,s*B&}&U+v英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:bbs.englishcn.com:i5s6F%{9K!q
1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--sooner英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地&e3@/G'P;l'`6G-I
2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.
9L(b;Q'i$[(L I#H6z3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.英语论坛%W.W/f7V!@%V(h8B)_'E
4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.
2L#@3L)\%?*b:aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier.英语论坛&j \.X(O7w
English learners' Forum4S3n6x!Z,q k'|
问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?英语论坛'|1t5[+m%l

$P3l"v*u"v6g)P g/p回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:
9x,[%u.~2O!k7@1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地8?:W!s#t%A%r+r!u
如:thick--thicker; soon--sooner
,w$L;j%Y7\ t$S2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:U6t(N.x5H;X0N5]
如:more beautiful; more important英语论坛!R/z6u)@#n9Y)`4i4m/~4G,O
3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。
/q.c&~4G8L2}#E6zBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:more useful; more boring; more cautious
6C;L#E7k1]0t%?/hEnglish learners' Forum4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。2L.I*z;t/^(|
如:big--bigger; hot--hotter
)M @$z D:u:@!\英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。
6x'|#u/r&v3cBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?
,a!c {+I"H%@0h6Wbbs.englishcn.com
1\7`!D&|"h"n"P5p#m.|,j英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:
!{7B!e0l%M2]bbs.englishcn.com3b:E6E"C:P
1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.
4i"_2V8|%v0t4j;p7`English learners' ForumE.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 D5K3c!r'j%B*N"r
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat..Q:x+q4y"J+K
(3). After he left, I went to bed.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4_$`9D5J;r4s

!])b6M!A.^!k#^-TEnglish learners' Forum2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"
1l:Z5Z"Y5g7T#h%Z;V英语论坛E.g.(1). It was he at he door.bbs.englishcn.com'w*J&P"z:d/j
(2). It must have been they who left the message.bbs.englishcn.com0d$z*w k/X(F9P#o
英语论坛,F3M-@!F4i;o8a
3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.
1Y,B0E3J'v#|3a:\BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).English learners' Forum8]6{5M*E"[4x$[)J!M&y
(2). They have more money than we (have).bbs.englishcn.com%W(\9V'D5n0^3T0w1B'@)G*a

5}8j;R:U"]7B2vEnglish learners' Forum问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?英语论坛0a+u!n7j(y&c
English learners' Forum8G"d1F)w3U-b
回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:英语论坛:m"[*_ s'Y B0K
bbs.englishcn.com*{ l2h!I1v,V.b
1). 作主句或从句的主语
%f:V5K7b*{)|*D"lBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如: (1). He left his book in the classroom. bbs.englishcn.com(X8A8i5r6o/W$I5L
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4X9i2D7@+x/Z;}/~!t6h$A%p
(3). After he left, I went to bed.
(g'_+b7}$sEnglish learners' ForumEnglish learners' Forum#y5O!u(}3\2y4r
2). 用于“to be”后
,D'J.?7x4p如:(1). It was he at he door.&x$b;a1A(M0]*~
(2). It must have been they who left the message.
*f6E4L2\:x'p.};h!j(u英语论坛英语论坛8u#l)c/k/x2X
3). 两个从句的主语做比较时
2{.A.t9[2J/J+A0s,S0w英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:(1). She is taller than he (is).
&S1d+T4`8}bbs.englishcn.com(2). They have more money than we (have).

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?
0l-}"Z3Y.k8y#o"j英语论坛英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-[7D"J8\,| H
Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"e5V*H!c5F+?'z&k+G
E.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan. 英语论坛"l1H5p,H.Y/L7U4J

,B0r$J7X!E6z.a1ABBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Perceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.9y'D(O1r Y:v1w
E.g. I heard them shout something.英语论坛"@8x'L/Z*p7F,q

,N0I"E%]-m"V-Y+?英语论坛Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地0_!{9o'A1b
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)
/l!m3E9l/W1n:o6y6Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地bbs.englishcn.com'k8`,M)k7|8@
问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?英语论坛,}3V,e1b"q t9}7X(@5F

;I3K"s"^%C!]8b:^)GBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。
7])M+u-j7a']6f!vBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
}&R2a-h%U'~ T
V8V8k9[9E:d.N英语论坛感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。英语论坛2~2z;u*M$~;a({+R
如:I heard them shout something.
-U8y0D-H1d$x9f7pBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方%P'R ^;}2p
注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)
8_/l*U'z-['n英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"?
4c q/~3X"W(zEnglish learners' Forum
!c9P&H:Y,|9y英语论坛Answer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.
6]&_![2[%_,G kbbs.englishcn.comE.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/P9?&u-Q!K1e&`2y4N u

6r!`4w([)i*L7PBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?
'r+L#v&|4E4Ubbs.englishcn.com2k(^7J/W)}$M-\8K*b;u
回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。
;e%j c9N#[8`,MEnglish learners' Forum如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?
.b:N5p3R8D9J*U9|$Y `英语论坛
)S8i#y8B.G!o0@,K英语论坛Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".bbs.englishcn.com+Q-k!Q-W)a
E.g. He went to bed late last night.!s:X3u#j*A2h"N6J.c
"Lately" means "in the resent past".
;o9O+s)J$A"Obbs.englishcn.comE.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.
+h!w+m5`3C+[1D4^ M'U0]"X;y&s(g&e
问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5f9y,a#[1f7[2x7f4z

2u9e-v']:T#v/\1ZEnglish learners' Forum回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。English learners' Forum7y1V:v.u1\
如:He went to bed late last night.English learners' Forum K%B8V-y&`1S!};J
“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。
V/I#k-h)K4e,o5a&k"q0a英语论坛如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:52  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?
"s4o'L,@3?5hBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
&g)t7F%G%i;P'd2jAnswer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3E!@-p+|6A-r!G0_.{
E.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.
6^(y/n.L'a0} zbbs.englishcn.com"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".
5~(f#^3a3o)B6m&cEnglish learners' ForumE.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.English learners' Forum5Y9C.y$T-c

9z2o,@:~7k*Obbs.englishcn.com问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?
)|3x6H-i8u!V.?:u英语论坛BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+g!c1{,s!h9b;^(?/c8t
回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。
6T$O%Z1X;}(b英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.
,I'N,\#t0]-b;~“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'n2u#Y;`#K4b,S
如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9Z"f,~5{*J"u2S1u-q D

2U-m Z4r6I0q8t;GEnglish learners' ForumAnswer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.英语论坛4H3X+m/[.D'L'v/D J$e
E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he?
;@+j$f5V%E#D7p'sbbs.englishcn.comThe same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".English learners' Forum!R6i6_/O;y$f9Y3G
E.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?
)Z$u$q5p,}.^英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地         You'd better go at once, hadn't you? bbs.englishcn.com3D8T9]%E%I*c3n"N
Note:
+N3?1Z,o0^)h4L @)t%v)kbbs.englishcn.com1). "have" as auxiliary verb
&G+B4_$`9?-[#E)D!G1n5Hbbs.englishcn.comE.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
+l3c4p9U-p8J英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). "have" as action verbbbs.englishcn.com7m0q6l$^(u4a#`
E.g. You have no brother, do you?
0k)c![&C'c3w-nbbs.englishcn.com
.h3}2Y6~ q/G9}&z-?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的? English learners' Forum)w4r0s)b(~9?)i3\4d
(f8L;d*\-z,e)W
回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。
S7O,e%~3D#LEnglish learners' Forum如:He has to study English, doesn't he?
8?0D(R1D,k%^6O.l“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。
i"?.]"g&R0D)^+n;t6[BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?
)K3M%x#l(q/f+rEnglish learners' Forum        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?bbs.englishcn.com!T:s2L/})C1i J-O i%{,k
注意:
!t#}-o1g7@&m6m(G英语论坛1).“have”作为助动词。
;Q9d-y$t)p英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
9g+a4@'A#^:z.Jbbs.englishcn.com2).“have”作为实义动词。
.s0M5q3s'x-c英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:You have no brother, do you?

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives?
,Y;X(K+{5q(\English learners' Forumbbs.englishcn.com*[/U&}6t'M
Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.
0z2S%?:|:E6c5jBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Examples: 英语论坛0A#v*{(Q6g$h$h,O"A
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.
;~;C*[(l5I0F(oBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
)_-[)p8I%|8{c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.
't7m8m%u)E(H9U英语论坛d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
"i1~'@-N-B0]8C9M英语论坛Some time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.
3|.h W/E$P英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Examples:
/y+T$s0v"c'?"Z7z2a8{BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方a) I disagree to the above statement.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地&X;m3E4D#}-})o
b) The down path is very dangerous.
,A"s2h/n$X!t&@
!k's"`#|%e }+D0D9Z8@问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?英语论坛%V:^-s.N/p(C!V
bbs.englishcn.com/D!N;T-o s
回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。English learners' Forum$_2N$C,@8s;`;J.]2}
例:English learners' Forum&i"l!O(k:^#Q7Y-P
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.
1{ i!`%H-A"Q2D'UEnglish learners' Forumb) We had breakfast early (adv.).bbs.englishcn.com,M1c$m&u2o4i)H
c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.English learners' Forum%D V.F9s%f7~
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).English learners' Forum8[$O!?3p9Q
一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。English learners' Forum.M5Z2x:w5P2Y:p
例:
1u;r'Y1O;_#n:b英语论坛a) I disagree to the above statement.
#G:X,_(S'm%k+nEnglish learners' Forumb) The down path is very dangerous.

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44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)\,l U)L5e0r"d#o+z#~

!Q&g2](a)}英语论坛Answer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.
7U:D0F:N3l#s/O {英语论坛E.g. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(m%](_/z!r-] J#p%V
1) He has already finished his homework.
7a)B*H0P8U5i/aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2) I have not finished reading the book yet.
0b7v3u,H;\0B/[%~.ubbs.englishcn.comNote: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.English learners' Forum `6}+{8J8Z"v+B&X8_
E.g. Have you already seen him? 英语论坛#U'y(S0u)y4h"C l+d)h0x3Y2~
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.
(?,E3P2j)T,V4B$K;_英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,_3H3^!T&l6A.N-W0I
1) She still likes him.
9l+l(A!@ ^7v!|*_/Q5iEnglish learners' Forum2) I still can not understand you. 英语论坛2f2k H!d*E3i'a
Note: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.
*z(y7]/G,V;j!W英语论坛E.g. English learners' Forum5s0\"O#},x9{:|;{$D
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)English learners' Forum-T9G-U I#c:N!Y0`
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)
'{;e2m4D.p*L1p+p4Gbbs.englishcn.comBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2P;v(D"p-D
问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方6F*_2|9A&I Y$l+Y#w

.k.V!\ R)a8y:T:KBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。
:T5i8o3u ~.abbs.englishcn.com如:
-{'~9q o(_'D,T2m1) He has already finished his homework.
2Y$w-b/u-h"P#^'oEnglish learners' Forum2) I have not finished reading the book yet. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4b1r*j6T'|
注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。
4|!P(?$d'R;M(r5@,e;A英语论坛如:Have you already seen him? bbs.englishcn.com2w `9@3~/g/O)C
“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。
7o't6[9b8~1Mbbs.englishcn.com如:bbs.englishcn.com#|#|"e$F;]5`#T ~7[-]/N6d
1) She still likes him.English learners' Forum#y.|;L)}4O
2) I still can not understand you.
1P({2d7O/e#{7C注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。
#A'E6o$M5a9W5p Y(aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:英语论坛5P&m/J$j;H6S
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)英语论坛4c%J2L1s2J2T
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?English learners' Forum'n0B:d.X$L-R(y'U8['m3W5n
英语论坛(|/v8U(U5|%s1s.`-[2M
Answer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.
&z*f(v"U%\!V+F7d英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?
6I+K)M.{*A,ZBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方When it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.英语论坛4@7m8|7Y%D!u0x.T2@7P;{
E.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?
0e#C4E3p)u4Q8b"z5z英语论坛Pay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".
3q/[2u/N8M&R,S英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Let's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)bbs.englishcn.com*|)i+R#_ P)E
Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request)BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方-Y X3E4F'f:I0K1?

%i"L,m#u#c+| Y"G英语论坛问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?
4a1V,p%}%b;|9W4r英语论坛
%l+H9{-n!^4?3F+B$F英语论坛回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。
3d8w!|&z#y7y(E0_!d5d"Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:Let's play tennis, shall we?英语论坛'X8@"R5E2J
如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。
'I/n!G8~5M5s'x1d英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:Let's not go to the party, OK?
2k9m3~,L2`*|#n)Lbbs.englishcn.com注意区别“let us”和“let's”。bbs.englishcn.com&`,s"[2O4K:p&E!p*\
Let's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议)
)w"H0m1I1[ j英语论坛Let us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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