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标题: 美语听力与发音技巧
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发表于 2008-9-25 11:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

美语听力与发音技巧 第16期(附加问句的语调)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the intonation of tag questions.
Tag questions are used in two very different ways, and the difference depends on whether you use a rising or falling pitch at the end of the tag question. One way tag questions are used is to get your listener to agree with you about something you think is a fact, or must be true.
If you think a lady is beautiful, you say, “She is beautiful, isn’t she?↘” You expect the listener to say, “Yes, she is.” If you know a man is not rich, you say, “He isn’t rich, is he?↘” You expect the listener to say, “No, he isn’t.” When you use a tag question to get your listener to agree, you must use a falling intonation. “She is beautiful, isn’t she?↘” “He isn’t rich, is he?↘”
The other way tag questions are used is to ask for information. You don’t know the answer, so you ask in a question. “She is beautiful, isn’t she?↗” “He isn’t rich, is he?↗” when you really don’t know the answer, you should use a rising intonation. So, “He isn’t rich, is he?↘” you know that he isn’t rich. But, “He isn’t rich, is he?↗” you don’t know whether he is rich or not.
Listen to another example. “You like Taiwan, don’t you?↗” “You like Taiwan, don’t you?↘”
So remember to use the proper intonation when you use tag questions.
This has been today’s daily tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:50  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

美语听力与发音技巧 第17期(自然的连续)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on sound linking.
When certain sounds are linked together, the resulting sound is merely the combination of the two original sounds. For example, “one apple” is pronounced “one-napple”, and “four apples” is pronounced “four-rapples”. However, when other sounds are linked, there’s a blending of the sounds. The sounds are linked smoothly without any break. For example, “two apples” are pronounced as if there’s an additional “w” sound “w” in between the words. “two apples”, “two apples”. And when the words “three” and “apple” are linked, it sounds as if there were an additional “y”sound “i” between the words. “three apples”, “three apples”, “three apples”. This is because the sounds between the words are linked smoothly without any break. “two-w-apples”, not “two” “apples”. “three-i-apples”, not “three apples.” Pay careful attention how sounds are blended together.
Another good example is how words ending in a “t” or “d” sound “t” or “d” are linked to words beginning with a “y” sound “j”. For example, “Did you do it?” becomes “Did-you do it?” “Would you do it?” becomes “would-you do it?” Notice how together “did” “you” becomes “Did-you” and “would” “you” becomes “would-you”, and “do” “it” becomes “do-it”. Listen again as I give more examples. “Did you do it?” “Did you do it?” “Would you do it?” “Would you do it?” “Should you do it?” “Should you do it?” “Could you do it?” “Could you do it?”
And also notice when a word ending in the “t” sound “t” is followed by a word beginning in a “y” sound “j”, you get the sound “t∫”. For example, “Can’t you do it?” “Can’t you do it?” “Didn’t you do it?” “Didn’t you do it?” “Couldn’t you do it?” “Couldn’t you do it?” “Shouldn’t you do it?” “Shouldn’t you do it?” “Wouldn’t you do it?” “Wouldn’t you do it?” “It’s nice to meet you.” “It’s nice to meet you.”
Today’s tip is to pay careful attention to how words are blended together, and how the resulting sound is often very different from the original sounds. This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip on learning English.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
美语听力与发音技巧 第18期(数字的发音)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on how to distinguish the numbers 13, 30, 15, 50, 14, 40 and so on.
There’s often a lot of confusion when people use these words. People often have to ask, “Did you say 16 or 60?” If you look at the sounds used in this pairs of words, you will notice that the only difference is in the final “n” sound “n” in the “-teen” words. Do people listen for this sound to tell them which word has been said? Do people say this sound loudly and clearly so that people will know which word they are saying? Native speakers don’t.
They use different stress patterns to distinguish the words. In the “-teen” words, it’s the last syllable which is stressed. In the numbers 30, 40, 50 and so on, it’s the first syllable which is stressed. Also, when a syllable is stressed, that syllable’s vowel sound is lengthened, and when a syllable isn’t stressed, the vowel is shorter.
Listen to me say the words, and notice the different syllables being stressed. 13, 30, 14, 40, 15, 50, 16, 60. Now listen to the length of vowels in the different syllables. I will exaggerate them first so it’s easier to notice. 13, 30, 14, 40, 15, 50. Now I will say them naturally. 13, 30, 14, 40, 15, 50, 16, 60, 17, 70, 18, 80, 19, 90. When you say these words, give specially care to stressing the right syllable, and to the length of the vowel sound in the stressed syllable. This has been today’s tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:55  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第19期(轻重音的重要性)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on stressed and unstressed syllables.
Every English word has more than one syllable, and every complete sentence has at least one stressed syllable.
A stressed syllable is pronounced more prominently than surrounding syllables. Simply put, we say it louder and we lengthen the vowel sound. Unstressed syllables are just the opposite. They are not as loud and the vowel sound is usually reduced. Vowel sounds are most often reduced to “э”or to “ⅰ”. For example, in the word “purpose”, the first syllable is stressed, and the vowel of the second syllable can be reduced to either “э”as in “purpose” or “i” as in “purpose”. Let me give you a complete sentence. “I didn’t do it on purpose.” “I didn’t do it on purpose.” The following word has three syllables. Which syllable is stressed? “banana”. That’s right. The second syllable is stressed. Listen now for the lengthening of the vowel in the stressed syllable. “bana-na”, “bana-na”. It’s very important to stress the proper syllable, to lengthen stressed syllables, and to reduce unstressed vowels. This is essential if you want to achieve a proper English rhythm. If every syllable is given equal stress and length, what you will sound like is a robot. “I didn’t do it on purpose.” “I didn’t do it on purpose.” Proper rhythm comes from stressing only certain syllables, and lengthening those syllables, while reducing the others.
Listen again to the example sentence, and notice how only certain syllables are stressed and lengthened. “I didn’t do it on purpose.”……
We will talk about how to figure out what syllables or words to stress at the sentence level in an upcoming program. But today’s tip is to make sure when you learn words of more than one syllable, you give special care to learning which syllable or syllables are stressed, and to remember to lengthen the vowels in those syllables.
This has been today’s daily tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:56  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第20期(清浊辅音的区别)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the difference between voiced and voiced pairs of consonants.
This difference is important, as it is the basis for learning other aspects of spoken English. First, let’s explain this difference. Let’s compare some consonants, for example, t, d, p, b, k, g, s, z. These sounds differ only in that the first is voiceless and the second is voiced. Put your hand in front of your mouth and say” “t”, then say “d”. Try it again with “s”, “z”. Did you notice that “t”, “s” have more breath or air coming out of your mouth than “d”, “z”. Now put your hand around the front of your throat. Try it again. Say “t”, “d”, “s”, “z”. Did you notice that “t”, “s” have no vibration, whereas “d”, “z”, there’s a vibration?
The sounds with a lot of breath but no vibration are called voiceless, because the vocal cords are not vibrating. The sounds with little breath but a lot of vibration are called voiced, because the vocal cords are vibrating. Tomorrow we will discuss how vowels followed by voiceless consonants are shorter than vowels followed by voiced consonants.
Let’s just look at one example today. “bet”, “bed”. Did you notice how the vowel sound “e” is shorter before “t” and longer before “d”? Tune in tomorrow for more examples of this feature of English. That has been today’s tip on learning English.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:58  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第21期(及物和不及物动词)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is to be aware of how some verbs in English, transitive verbs, require an object.
Not using an object after a transitive verb is a common mistake made by learners of English. For example, although in Chinese, you can say, “我喜欢”or “我不喜欢”without mentioning what you are talking about, in English, “like” requires an object. So you can’t say, “I like.” or “I don’t like.” You must say, “I like it.” or “I like them.” “I like her.” “I like you.” “I like Taiwan.” or “I don’t like it.” “I don’t like them.” “I don’t like him.” “I don’t like singing at KTVs.” You must use an object after “like” because it is a transitive verb. Another common word which is misused is “want”. “want” is also a transitive verb and must be followed by an object. You cannot ask “do you want” as in the Chinese “你要不要?”“你要吗?”You must ask “Do you want some?” if you are asking about something uncountable like coffee or tea. “Do you want it?” if you are asking about a singular countable object like the last piece of pizza. “Do you want them?” if you are asking about plural countable objects such as some books. And “Do you want to?” or “Do you want to do it?” if you are asking about doing something like going to a movie or going to a concert. The two verbs “like” and “want” are the two most commonly misused transitive verbs as in “I like” or “I want”. Be careful to complete the meaning of these transitive verbs by adding an object. And when using a pronoun, be careful to choose the proper pronoun. In English, certain verbs are used only transitively, some are used only intransitively, and some are used at times transitively and at other times intransitively.
Today’s tip is to pay special attention when learning verbs, to learn whether or not the verb is transitive, and not to neglect adding an object if it is. This has been today’s daily tips on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 11:59  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
美语听力与发音技巧 第22期(a 和 the 的用法)



Welcome to Daily Tips on learning English. Today’s tip is on using the articles “a” and “the” correctly.
More specifically, today’s tip is on the difference between using “a” or “an” before a singular countable noun and using “the” or “the(i” before a singular countable noun. Most frequently, both “a” and “the” are used to refer to a specimen of a group of things, for example, “a table” and “the table” both refer to one table out of the group of all tables. When people say “the table”, they mean the table that we’ve been talking about and which you know about. So if you begin to talk about a new object about which your listener knows nothing, you must use the article “a”. But after you have introduced the object, or future references are preceded by the article “the”. Let’s take a simple example. “I bought a table yesterday. The table is in the living room. I really like the table.” Did you notice how the article “a” was used first, and then after that, the article “the” was used. If you said, “I bought the table yesterday” instead of “I bought a table yesterday”, you would mean that you and the listener are talking about some table previously. If you hadn’t talked about any table previously, the listener would be confused and would probably ask you, “What table?”
Let take another example. “I put together a jigsaw puzzle yesterday. Really? How often do you put together a jigsaw puzzle?” Notice that the article “a” was used in both sentences before “jigsaw puzzle”. That’s because the question, “How often do you put together a jigsaw puzzle” was not referring to the same jigsaw puzzle mentioned in the first sentence. If you ask, “How often do you put together the jigsaw puzzle?” you would be asking how often the listener put together the same jigsaw puzzle, you would be saying the person puts together, then takes apart, then puts together the same jigsaw puzzle over and over again. And that’s a silly thing to ask.
So remember, “the” is used to refer to a previously mentioned specimen, something about which the listener knows. The article “a” is used to refer to a specimen which hasn’t been mentioned before, something which the listener doesn’t know about.
This has been today’s tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:01  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第23期(如何使用 the)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on using the English article “the” correctly. The article “the” is most frequently used to refer to a previously mentioned object. The use of “the” indicates that your listener should know which object you are referring to. One reason the listener might know which object you are referring to is that you were just talking about it earlier. However, sometimes the article “the” is used even when the object hasn’t been mentioned previously. A speaker can use the article “the”to indicate that the object is very familiar to the listener. For example, a man and his wife might have a conversation about their car.
“I’m going to pick up the car at the garage on the way to the health club. Make sure to check the radio to see if the mechanic fix the power button.” Although the things car, garage, health club, radio, mechanic and power button had not been mentioned earlier, both the husband and wife know that the are talking about their car, the garage and health club they always go to, the radio in their car, the mechanic at the garage they always go to, the power button of the radio in their car.
Another reason why the article “the” is used is that the object is so frequently referred to that every body knows which one is being referred to. Although there are many suns with many moons orbiting them, when we say the sun and the moon, we mean those which we see every day and night. Similarly, we use the article “the” for objects present at the time of speaking. For example, the floor is the floor we are standing on. Other words used like this include the air, the earth, the world, the sky, the rain, the whether, the wind and the Bible. So remember that when an item is very familiar to the listener or very frequently referred to, or the only one present at the time, we use the article “the”.This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip on learning English.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:02  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第24期(那些词重读呢)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on contrastive stress.
If you listen to previous daily tips, you will recall that content words, such as nouns, main verbs, adjectives and adverbs are normally stressed, and function words, such as personal pronouns, possessive adjectives and prepositions are normally not stressed.
However, there are exceptions to this rule. The exceptions to conform to the universal rule for word stress, namely, you should stress the words that are important in the context. Let’s look at some examples. The sentence “I put your pen in my desk” would normally have the words “put”, “pen” and “desk” stressed, but if the listener didn’t hear me clearly and started looking for his pen on my desk. I would change the stress to the word “in”. I would say, “No, I put your pen in my desk, not on my desk.” The information conveyed by the preposition “in” has now become the most important word, and so receives the greatest stress. So now he looks in my desk and finds the pen. But he says, “This isn’t my pen. This is your pen.” Although the possessive adjectives “your” and “my” are not normally stressed, here they are very important to convey the message and so they receive the greatest stress.
Let’s look at another example. Two people are ordering in a restaurant. One says, “I will have a ham and cheese sandwich and a small bow of soup.” And then the other says, “I will have a ham and egg sandwich, and a large bow of soup. Did you notice how the second person who order stresses the word “egg” and “large”? That’s because those words were different from what came before. This is called contrastive stress.
Today’s daily tip is to make sure to stress the most important words in your speech. Tune in tomorrow for another daily tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:03  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第25期(短句的断句)



Welcome to Daily Tips on learning English. Today’s tip is on the importance of pausing to mark the boundary between phrases or thought groups.
In a previous tip, I mentioned how in long sentences, it is necessary to pause between thought groups. However, relatively short sentences may also require pauses to help the listeners organize the stream of sounds correctly. Let’s look at some examples. In the question “what time do you come in in the morning?” It is necessary to pause between the two prepositions “in”. If you pause after the word “come”, “what time do you come / in in the morning?” Then the listeners will be confused, because “come in” and “in the morning” are two separate thought groups. Here’s another similar example. “Look your papers over over the weekend.” You need to pause between the two “over”s to help your listeners organize your words. If you pause somewhere else like “Look your papers / over over the weekend”, nobody will understand you. Sometimes pausing in the wrong place will change the meaning of what you say.
For example, let’s take two sentences. Sentence 1: “I usually eat sushi for lunch.” Sentence 2: “I ate noodles today.” When you put the two sentences together in speech, you must pause slightly between them. “I usually eat sushi for lunch. I ate noodles today.” If you pause after the word “sushi”, the meaning changes. “I usually eat sushi. For lunch I ate noodles today.” So remember to use pauses to group ideas together. If you pause in the middle of ideas, or group pieces of different ideas together, your listeners will have a hard time understanding you.
This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip on learning English.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:04  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第26期(不定式和动名词)



Welcome to Daily Tips on learning English. Today’s tip is on verbs which are followed by infinitives or gerunds.
Some verbs are followed by infinitives, such as “I plan to go”. “to go” is an infinitive. Some verbs are followed by gerunds, such as “I enjoy teaching English”. “teaching” is a gerund. You cannot say, “I plan going” or “I enjoy to teach English”. Most verbs are followed by either the infinitive or the gerund, and when you learn the verb, you must make sure to memorize which one is used since there is no rule to tell you.
There are only nine verbs which can be followed by either the gerund or the infinitive with no difference in meaning. These verbs are “begin”, “start”, “continue”, “like”, “love”, “hate”, “prefer”, “can’t stand” and “can’t bear”. These verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund with no difference in meaning. So “I like listening to the radio” and “I like to listen to the radio” both mean the same thing. There are also five verbs which can be followed by either an infinitive or a gerent but which have different meanings depending on whether you use the infinitive or the gerund. These verbs are “remember”, “forget”, “regret”, “try” and “stop”. Pay special attention when using these verbs, as the meaning of the sentence will change depending on which you choose.
This has been today’s daily tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:05  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第27期(remember 的用法)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the difference in meaning between “remember doing something” and “remember to do something”.
Let’s take an example. What’s the difference between “I remember locking the door” and “I remember to lock the door”? Well, “remember doing something” means you recall doing something you did in the past, and “remember to do something” means to remember to perform a responsibility, duty or task at the proper time.
So, “I remember locking the door” means in the past, I locked the door, and now, I still recall doing it. There’s still a memory in my mind. I haven’t forgotten what I did. On the other hand, “I remember to lock the door” means at the moment I leave my house, I should lock the door. At that moment, I always remember to lock the door. It’s not my habit to forget to lock the door when I leave my house. Therefore, if you are reminding someone to do something in the future, you say, “Remember to turn off the light.” “Remember to feed the dog.” “Remember to say ‘please’.” On the other hand, if you are telling someone about memory you have or don’t have, you say, for example, “I remember closing the door. Who opened it?” “I don’t remember meeting you before. Are you sure we have met?”
So pay special care when using the verb “remember”, you must choose the right form of the verb you use after it. This has been today’s daily tip on learning English. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:06  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
美语听力与发音技巧 第28期(forget 的用法)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the difference in meaning between “forget doing something” and “forget to do something”.
Let’s take an example. What’s the difference between “I will never forget to lock the door” and “I will never forget locking the door”? Well, “I will never forget to lock the door” is a promose to lock the door in the future. You are saying that every time you leave your home in the future, you will remember to lock the door. On the other hand, “I will never forget locking the door” means that you locked the door one time in the past. And that for some reason, the memory of locking the door that time will never be forgotten. Maybe you locked yourself into your house and couldn’t get out for a week.
So, if you are reminding someone to do something in the future, say, “Don’t forget to bring your keys.” “Don’t forget to come early tomorrow.” Or “Don’t forget to turn off the TV.” On the other hand, if you are telling someome about a memory of doing something in the past that you will always remember, you say, “I will never forget seeing the Statue of Liberty for the first time” or “I will never forget getting lost in Tokyo.” “forget doing something” is always used in the negative “I can’t forget” “I won’t forget” “I will never forget”. So the meaning is the same as remember doing something.
Pay special care when using the word “forget”. You must choose the right form of the verb you use after it. This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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发表于 2008-9-25 12:07  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
美语听力与发音技巧 第29期(regret 的用法)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the difference in meaning between “regret to do something” and “regret doing something”.
Let’s take an example. What’s the difference between “I regret to tell you that your father died” and “I regret telling you that your father died”? Well, “I regret to tell”, “I regret to say” are used to inform someone of bad news in a polite way. Before you tell someone bad news, it’s polite to warn the person that he is about to get some bad news by telling him you feel sorry about it. “regret to” must be followed by a verb which means “say”, for example, “tell”, “inform”, “announce”, “report”. Verbs that do not have this meaning cannot be used. On the other hand, “regret doing something” means you wish you had not done something. So, “I regret telling you that your father died” means you wish you have not told someone his father died. Maybe, because after hearing the bad news, he tried to kill himself. Or maybe because it was a mistake and his father had not actually died.
Let’s look at another example. “I regret to inform you that the basketball game has been cancelled.” In this sentence, I’m telling someone some bad news. The bad news is that there will be no basketball game tonight. Here’s another example. “I regret eating so much.” This sentence means that I ate too much in the past, and now, I wish I had not eaten so much.
So, if you have to tell someone bad news, say “I regret to tell you…” But if you wish you had not done something, say “I regret doing it.” And if you are glad that you did something, say “I don’t regret doing it.”
This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip on learning English.

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美语听力与发音技巧 第30期(stop 的用法)



Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is on the difference in meaning between “stop doing something” and “stop to do something”.
“stop doing something” means not to do that any more, but “stop to do something” means stop one thing in order to do something else.
Let’s look at a clear example. “We stopped dancing.” “We stopped to get some drinks.” These sentences can even be put together to form “We stopped dancing to get some drinks.” Is the meaning clear? We were dancing but we got hot and thirsty, so we stopped. Why? Because we wanted to get some drinks. After we stopped, we got some drinks. Before we stopped, we were dancing. So, can you hear the difference in meaning between these two sentences? “We stopped to study” and “We stopped studying”. The first sentence “We stopped to study” means we are studying now. We were doing something else, maybe talking or watching TV, but we stopped doing that in order to study. On the other hand, the second sentence “We stopped studying” means we are not studying now. We were studying before but we stopped, maybe because we were tired or hungry.
Let’s take another example. “We stopped talking” and “We stopped to talk”. “We stopped talking” means it is quiet now because we are not talking anymore. “We stopped to talk” means we are talking now. Maybe we were walking on the sidewalk, saw each other, and stopped walking so that we can talk for a while.
So remember to be careful when choosing the verb form after “stop” as it changes the meaning of the sentence. This has been today’s daily tip. Tune in tomorrow for another tip.

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