在线英语交流论坛    天气
EnglishCN首页 英语日记基地,带简短个性域名的英语专用博客 英语博客中国最大的国际交友中心国际交友 英语学习论坛BBS 英语论坛 英语语音聊天室 语音聊天室 英语游戏基地 游戏英语图片中心 图片英语软件下载中心下载  


     开通英语博客

 
标题: 有声英语新闻
csxdy
管理员
Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9


UID 23839
精华 0
积分 250
帖子 1432
威望 1456 点
阅读权限 200
注册 2004-5-30
状态 离线
发表于 2008-11-25 11:31  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

Arab World Reacts Cautiously to US New Ambassador to Libya



22 November 2008


The U.S. Senate approved the nomination of a new U.S. ambassador to Libya late Thursday, making it the first time in 36 years that the United States will have an ambassador in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Putting a U.S. ambassador in Libya marks the culmination of a long road towards diplomatic normalcy between the two nations, as Edward Yeranian reports from Cairo.


Gene Cretz (2004 file photo)
The Senate's confirmation of career diplomat Gene Cretz as the new U.S. ambassador to Libya culminates a long process of healing and a rapprochement between two nations.

Here in the Arab world, many observers are watching the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and Libya, followed by the Senate approval of a new ambassador to Tripoli-the first in 36 years with caution and mixed feelings.

Hisham Youssef, who heads the Cabinet of Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa, says that the League is pleased by the improving relations between the United States and Libya.

"We welcome advancing relations between Libya and the United States and on the basis of agreements that they have had in the last several months and advancing the relations is something that we look at in a very positive and constructive way," he said.

Youssef is, nevertheless, a bit skeptical about the importance of the U.S. move to confirm Cretz, due to a backdrop of tense relations between the outgoing Bush administration and the Arab world, in general.

"Well, improving relations with the whole of the Arab world requires much more than having an ambassador in Libya and this is why people are looking forward to the policies that will be adopted by the new [Obama] administration," he said.

Some critics of the move in the Arab world, like political analyst and columnist for Beirut's Daily Star newspaper Rami Khouri, also think that the Bush administration is improving relations with Libya for all the wrong reasons.

"I'm a little bit cynical about it," he said. "I think this deal that the Libyans and the Americans and the West made strikes me as incomplete because they gave up their nuclear industry in return for having normal relations. They paid a lot of money to compensate families of the victims of the bombings."

"But, Libya is still an autocratic place which is very tightly run and the West is very happy to have relations with it and make money from oil and contracts and stuff like that. So, I'm a bit critical of how the West would completely ignore the internal conditions and the nature of the regime, especially a regime that talks about promoting freedom and democracy as Bush has been. To do this kind of deal strikes me as materialistic expediency at its worst," he added.

Libyan leader, Colonel Moammar Gadhafi began to improve ties with Washington in 2003 after renouncing terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. That process came to a head this year, after Libya agreed on a plan to compensate families of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland and the 1986 bombing of the Berlin discoteque, La Belle, in which two US serviceman were killed, and dozens wounded.

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met with Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, the son of the Libyan leader, Thursday, on the heels of the Senate approval of Cretz.

顶部
csxdy
管理员
Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9


UID 23839
精华 0
积分 250
帖子 1432
威望 1456 点
阅读权限 200
注册 2004-5-30
状态 离线
发表于 2008-11-25 11:32  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

Nigeria Takes Key Step to Rewrite Constitution



22 November 2008

Nigeria took the first major step this week toward rewriting its constitution. It is the third such attempt in under a decade to bolster democracy in the country. From the Nigerian capital, Abuja, Gilbert da Costa reports for VOA.

Since returning to civilian rule in 1999, Nigerians have been calling for a new constitution to replace the one drawn up under years of military dictatorship.

The last attempt to pass a new constitution failed in 2006 when the national assembly rejected one of the proposed 120 amendments that would have paved the way for then president Olusegun Obasanjo to run for a third four-year term.

Deputy Senate President, Ike Ekweremadu, who heads the 88-member special constitutional review panel, told VOA the committee will be guided by what it considers is in the best interest of Nigeria.

"I can tell you that no tenure of anybody, be it a local government chairman, governor or president, or even the senator will be extended by one day in that exercise," he said. "That I can assure the whole world. We are going to do a very transparent and professional job."

"We are not going to be carried away by emotions or be distracted by any person's personal view. We are going to put everything on the table and can only be driven by patriotism and the best interest of Nigeria," he added.

The process by which the Nigerian constitution is amended is complex and time-consuming. And it is far from clear whether a consensus could be reached on contentious issues such as the devolution of power between the center and federating states, electoral reforms and revenue allocation.

Nigeria has been faltering from religious and ethnic discord, which some consider a result of a flawed system that has resulted in neglect, poverty and agitation.

The bombing of pipelines and kidnapping of oil workers in the Niger Delta by militants who say they are fighting for a greater share of the region's oil wealth have cut output from Africa's biggest oil industry by a fifth in recent years.

Today, the oil producing region receives 13 percent of oil revenues, a far cry from 100 percent received by other regions in the 1960s and 70s when the country relied on peanuts, palm oil and cocoa.

顶部
csxdy
管理员
Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9


UID 23839
精华 0
积分 250
帖子 1432
威望 1456 点
阅读权限 200
注册 2004-5-30
状态 离线
发表于 2008-11-25 11:33  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
Muslim Religious Leaders in Australia Blamed for Not



22 November 2008


Some Muslim religious leaders in the Australian state of Victoria have been accused of condoning rape within marriage, domestic violence and polygamy according to a new report on the training of imams. From Sydney, Phil Mercer reports.


Research by the Islamic Womens' Welfare Council of Victoria has found evidence that imams encouraged women to drop complaints of domestic violence or to abandon divorce proceedings when they had gone to their religious leaders for advice.

There are allegations too that imams also condoned welfare fraud, under-age marriages and the exploitation of women.

The report's authors say Friday these problems mean that vulnerable women are not getting the help they need from their spiritual advisers and believe that a lack of training and regulation for imams is to blame.

Other community workers say these issues are not a reflection of the wider Muslim community in Australia and that the report has highlighted extreme cases.

Despite such reservation, Sherene Hassan from the Islamic Council of Victoria says that some religious teachers do need to change their behavior.

"Obviously there are imams who have mishandled situations and they have been ill-equipped to deal with situations, so obviously we will be looking at strategies to, you know, improve their capacity to deal with these situations and to re-educate them," she said.  

Australia's imams were usually born overseas and they have often been criticized for their poor grasp of English and a lack of understanding of Australian culture.

The Mufti of Australia, Sheikh Fehmi Naji El-Imam, has rejected the report. He has insisted that no official imam would condone polygamous relationships and would not ignore a woman's rights either in marriage or divorce.  The leader of Australia's Muslims also said that qualified religious instructors would not deliberately overlook domestic violence.

Australia's Islamic community numbers about 350,000. Its members have come from dozens of countries, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Somali, Bosnia and the Middle East.

顶部
 



当前时区 GMT+8, 现在时间是 2018-7-17 19:42

    本论坛支付平台由支付宝提供
携手打造安全诚信的交易社区 BBS.EnglishCN.COM  © EnglishCN 2000-2007
清除 Cookies - 联系我们 - 英语学习网 - Archiver