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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:英语论坛7@+Y)?6r6B.F+E4_8^ Z
1). When a sentence begins with there:
&b-v"z7v(P9Z)n)d#JBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. There is no basis for this complaint.
a3z/L,`2o*T6J;Z英语论坛英语论坛,b7c9k1k9X:S4O1j
2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:
-o/J/F([0J1ybbs.englishcn.comE.g. On the corner stood a police officer.
4b5],g'[3c.h+q英语论坛!t1P/q%g(}
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:
)Z9S0E3C2F,i/E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. Never has the world faced so many problems.
#d.G%R4p#t"p%c)^英语论坛%}&G5a:I;d2F&m
4). When a sentence begins with only:.w7L#\+T/P7Q
E.g. Only once was John late to class. bbs.englishcn.com3P;T6m/G'K \/T
英语论坛/A.[-j)_7f,z/L
5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:
"B*q4[0R"OBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. Down came the rain.
!v.G5V'O;p(V"@BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
+[5I#t1K$W-k2l3j!K问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?English learners' Forum&]'e3I;G&S*n!{
英语论坛1e:H(@:}2}+B7K:D
回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:
'?1Y/E#G.o8q英语论坛1). 句子以there开头:
"N6T!L4~$S&k'~)k#p英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地例:There is no basis for this complaint. +o+q!b$l(R

)g!H'F;X+{ h英语论坛2). 句子以介词短语开头:BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方9u-h,K,B4{#]4D
例:On the corner stood a police officer.
7q,A&p0n"zbbs.englishcn.comEnglish learners' Forum:m;Z+_8M,t*U5J0P
3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:
/O#Y-]'z+C5@1l例:Never has the world faced so many problems. 英语论坛7v({;v6T&U0d4y4F,Z

/M8X2B*}+x0~4). 句子以only开头:
7f&T)x%x'Z:z8\4e4E0t例:Only once was John late to class. bbs.englishcn.com"j7p$|0l&k
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方*@1t,F#l'H+d.@*D
5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:
:H$Z0}9S$j2c6L英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地例:Down came the rain.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be
!h&e&]1O.}3G英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地either "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two
'P7\:x"X7l+Dbbs.englishcn.comforms?English learners' Forum&r5D3y1@%s)z*y7[
英语论坛"R#?1g&i!E+}.n(q
Answer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" as
5k:`/l1]+k&CEnglish learners' Forumits past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to causeBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+s3M4}3q3{%K:|&B:{/E
to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" forbbs.englishcn.com {&t'r"x5@;\!v6L(@7X1o8O
its past tense form and past participle.
,Q/u!G.q$M(a%H"K8`英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!j9I,Q(t(_$a9a0G%m,Q/b(P
问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什
:h-f8y-B/|4E#HEnglish learners' Forum么区别吗?
8Q8x&J8@$k!?$a&r-Z3sEnglish learners' Forum'V7j+t9m e%A3D
回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”
)U8f!h%b#TEnglish learners' Forum,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?;w"O0~#S-w/r'j/A.j/W/x:T3e

8^#r0~7|/M6x;Y2S3p英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".
7~,}$p;q4a6\0l2~#K
9j$`6e7D(Obbs.englishcn.com问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(g0t3u.A%g.R:c

!C$_-| z&L"m4z,x,SBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?英语论坛'J1\&Z.?/Y0b*F,`,_8N*h

&j5@'O'{6j,W;d6c l英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".
+D0V9h3Z'f;u)u8i英语论坛英语论坛;b"S%V0u3W/d/y3V
问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?
&Y"J-u!j&@ Zbbs.englishcn.com英语论坛3W y#j#G*k4q
回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?
.~$Q#?-R1C!j9A0M;]#p英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
.S Q5m&p3[ e8?2VEnglish learners' ForumAnswer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.
:n2J*q)G7r7l%r'i*t英语论坛
3r%_9J+Y!|;p.c6z"P'x1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.英语论坛;E5S/x)t4~4U

%O;T \.F;e b英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.
.g ?6B&`2J"v([%ebbs.englishcn.com英语论坛1J#U"?6B8P)B"@:V
3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.
:P9\;]!l+c4Q.Z英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"m)\&@ o)},l
问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?
#A8U#h ~1O.x7X1n4jBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方bbs.englishcn.com*P*[.A8s4D k,p!i9k3V-S
回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地;]*h3k#h,G2D4~-X
English learners' Forum!E0E/Q,l8C3C
Answer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:
-w;?!U.`0@-L1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--sooner英语论坛#w0K5r,F,\6C7U"r"J0I
2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.英语论坛6h'{6X)q#w+\+Q)W'q.a2Y
3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.英语论坛$@-k&k:L:O'@*t
4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&r*c5y9e)y-o
5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier..P#a r+w.v
English learners' Forum6B0X&s%a,v,c3e$Q
问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9U0p&e;m b$b#C a

9q2C3Z(Z3K/T9e&s回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:bbs.englishcn.com4v(D._;E:U.G6Z8a
1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。bbs.englishcn.com6L:c'J0l-r(S
如:thick--thicker; soon--sooner英语论坛'w#{#C,C1K3O.w
2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。英语论坛:U:u!O#n/J0Y%s
如:more beautiful; more important
;v#M `:Q+\'d u/~-c英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地6z-u9U&q:|0R
如:more useful; more boring; more cautious
6k8A*Y(k.F)q;[bbs.englishcn.com4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。
"i'z!s0j-\$aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:big--bigger; hot--hotter
6T%y$v,c5k7M:cEnglish learners' Forum5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。+Q-~)f1B;r8U3w2Q)d
如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?(_*N(g+Q"b$C'\

:K)J/j/D5{%rAnswer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:3~(u:L2[+w)g#v'P*K

+T2j4J-R&n)B0M-]+u-G"B英语论坛1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.
2u(t6X5h"\/{3p0e$x"jBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom.
/c'a3\ r3t+~(o英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.
;o8W3M!j!^#]'L!M3s*S._bbs.englishcn.com(3). After he left, I went to bed.
7t.r0i6W*c(K*a-d英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5d;a.v'k9].d$?'z/o
2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"English learners' Forum'I;{(k#^&J8\/N
E.g.(1). It was he at he door.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,M2],K8X I-~8c1g+v
(2). It must have been they who left the message.
.H T9H&s5Ibbs.englishcn.com&t*H/d/j7H(P(B
3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.
(S9[;V)t"l2G&^ ]7xEnglish learners' ForumE.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).
/A0k7G0d:M;Y$C4T5F,eBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(2). They have more money than we (have).英语论坛6p+s-S3T6h

,a7^9\/y%I7R.N E8u#o"i s问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?English learners' Forum2]6u8m4m(y#B3f)g

,\)A;?%@5{'B*W英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:
2J)^&O5e3R1E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地bbs.englishcn.com5g#Q6b,W9Q R"y
1). 作主句或从句的主语
8d)\4m7C5[#B3@.`English learners' Forum如: (1). He left his book in the classroom. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:k"a7C"|,h$B/L9L)}
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.
/Z6~)\3h)S%w(r2v(3). After he left, I went to bed.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方#V&P)s5O;J3~
2b&q+q#s"@*t
2). 用于“to be”后
0^.y4e-U9o+m!r$ABBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:(1). It was he at he door.
*|.R-s7v(z'P4n$d(C1K英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(2). It must have been they who left the message.
8Q7V7~;E/M英语论坛英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地!b%V,w,o+r$o
3). 两个从句的主语做比较时
/J3\8@"_:O7z)|,M如:(1). She is taller than he (is).
!r ^)^:G*C)d-v+w#E)u+K1Z英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(2). They have more money than we (have).

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?
8H3v7?(f1R!X/X ~BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语论坛8W/K4i+c#r%}*q2a
Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives. BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方6G4D.D1G0K%X-k*P5E
E.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地;s2Z)v.o8a.B/f.\2_
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0M"t(|3h/E6q
Perceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.
,g!K+^/B+y#I0f$J%|8\1K7d$SE.g. I heard them shout something.
;T+}/W;X)Ybbs.englishcn.comEnglish learners' Forum!E2Q1A/}.x
Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)bbs.englishcn.com)S!t*s.\4R:|%]
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*H9}4_&d6f*i

3s3}7e!b8~+p(}+CEnglish learners' Forum问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?English learners' Forum7n&@7y7d+T3c%h4[,[-z
英语论坛5?+q E*X0E G'S+i;{
回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。
(S*G(n,i'h;P#c;BBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
1S"Z)?$r;A:ybbs.englishcn.com)Q%v;c/^'n!H!D
感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。/t6w!p+f9Z5v,y O
如:I heard them shout something.英语论坛$q#p:\*z/B6},J4M)}

1r7I4D0G,i#Mbbs.englishcn.com注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)
;C:S)U:\;G5Q英语论坛I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$[(f/Z5~,k [1Y&{
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地8v&p:w'b4f3i8Q"I
Answer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.英语论坛3X7Z"o U2[:x
E.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he? bbs.englishcn.com2r7Z r,w$s:h

4C+\)_8i:Z5{6@(a:t问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?
+|3k'i+I(dbbs.englishcn.com英语论坛8^3r7q2D"P7p!b/F8b2\ ^
回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。bbs.englishcn.com)u3t*T4S)i$z U5[5X'O
如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?
/F"D3W4e:V/u;X)h:]BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方English learners' Forum&C,R$S+}-S;{
Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地!R/O%v"|5b
E.g. He went to bed late last night.
;}/j#A+S"q0r j!z&uEnglish learners' Forum"Lately" means "in the resent past".
#y)j*M*e9{8x7{:n6d2C:pbbs.englishcn.comE.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.bbs.englishcn.com*U&M%\7r/a)X%b.` Z G#W
8F)O&X*|+{-Q'?4D,c
问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?英语论坛/C#z1^6U+a4L(e9N
7L-y#w'E k)z2x3N
回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。2N-N%_6T1b8k.v'h'v
如:He went to bed late last night.English learners' Forum'f#m,w+d&M-@9\
“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。1e.C%l#Y!g"E/P
如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:52  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?English learners' Forum2]*\*J4j0k+F!a#k,d
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方4u6Z0T!H1Y,K+c7t
Answer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".
:S'u7y9c:q/BE.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.
+G.Z,m)q9_.?&a0z:E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方4f(F+C8r8i!r(t
E.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地;~0U(Y:L;s0O8E5B,Y3]
英语论坛/P9v:k2`0N&| ?$`%\
问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?bbs.englishcn.com$]2I8|4A6\5b1A

&m9J(U;B&A#I(T英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。
4s!`%G9z;Y6t#?,REnglish learners' Forum如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.
"b,P-m!@+G2l#w英语论坛“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。
,m.C5W4y%QBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."?
4O:\(m:P-d.R4S*c6q英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地;t4s"f*C+C!X8h8E
Answer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9e)} g9C&[!~
E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he?
8y l-p3g:{The same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".
9@2N6O%J(c英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?bbs.englishcn.com%F;U/a"z R6O3J
         You'd better go at once, hadn't you?
)j5t:O$S Y$|#m4z英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Note: bbs.englishcn.com8Q9x&X1E9C v'~6D
1). "have" as auxiliary verb3j.?)t6b'|!x1Y*{8v&^0G5M
E.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
3W&@"E.n;i7}2). "have" as action verb
)E8v:}'v(Y(f#PE.g. You have no brother, do you?
3z0^2] s'r1^
9P#j5l*q7w&Q'j0W英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的?
4}3b(q"a$y:A英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
)H"X&M1_%Y*I英语论坛回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。
:o1~;H$W1T6J0_BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:He has to study English, doesn't he?
7|6b)b5?.|9I“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。
*C2p*B6s5t*W$B-P2H;O1e英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方7k/\.k3s+o%A.[2_
        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?
9d0F2b.h!L/^0t5j!N1@bbs.englishcn.com注意:
8^5D,^*C,zBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1).“have”作为助动词。&^3S6d-W!s;Y#F3t/K2K
如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
/S#\;M#G%D.b${English learners' Forum2).“have”作为实义动词。
:@&a:o$q1C,lEnglish learners' Forum如:You have no brother, do you?

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现在开通英语博克!
43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives? :X"E&Z;X(~7D7\'u

7q3?2s/z1B R.XBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.
4L(p1{9M"@.J1b6jbbs.englishcn.comExamples: 英语论坛5T0H0t.O*a:W'm"W(B
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.English learners' Forum:b+M5S5S(N*U.}
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
1}'K$r,C8\+t/G*HBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.English learners' Forum.]2n$A"[3}+y1m \
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
5A$I0[8j.O1[+q8H#i;M"G0};_English learners' ForumSome time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1P"g9R&~*q;Z
Examples:
+T Z,v'@$o3_;p*m(^-\bbs.englishcn.coma) I disagree to the above statement.
#S7h#s7W8O;P*?英语论坛b) The down path is very dangerous.
/q"](g u(J0X*LBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"^(I z!c(R I6d7_
问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?English learners' Forum:H(W/a*a6T)s5n$F,Z
bbs.englishcn.com5A;K4l&U:}+O9w8\
回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。0a+N2Q8_-G2x3|;c;J'X
例:English learners' Forum3X7Z"O-D-]"T7D
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.English learners' Forum3w&V.F*y#@2\3w3F1I)N"c&s
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
(S.|'w-o5E0|6sEnglish learners' Forumc) We went by a fast (adj.) train.
(D*I0Z+]1?/P:O'S英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
*S9Z%_+|2Ebbs.englishcn.com一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。
(I:D(d*^:~2k%P&D英语论坛例:
*O4g4o+S0k%v.K)J o+r英语论坛a) I disagree to the above statement.
,m*[5[8j4s+C8p"z#Q英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地b) The down path is very dangerous.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"?
,{$~(v'{)L(cBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
(A.O+I2t3v;`"l!k/S3}&DBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.
2B2_9n%|8Y)fEnglish learners' ForumE.g.
:r9`2R.L/S*~8l5nbbs.englishcn.com1) He has already finished his homework.
+@:w1z3h.\%j+b2{6KBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2) I have not finished reading the book yet. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*B9U!k'M/w!g"_8\/|6N&p8R
Note: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地7x*L0?/[+H4j5h7Z
E.g. Have you already seen him? English learners' Forum*@/m!~"A,h"u(^5Y/?7J
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.
0d/c;[([1y'[:O,`9|英语论坛E.g.
8M:O5}8Q6m2T.~bbs.englishcn.com1) She still likes him.
'R!p9n6j1b&R1v英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) I still can not understand you. English learners' Forum8j'p&R)j%\!@
Note: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.
0V4S%Y-e)X!c*S"gbbs.englishcn.comE.g.
:W8E"v,O0i;y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3J/H;N0m&Q3R
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless) #q3b"x(P(~*i*|*u
8]4V.s;m/`)s
问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?
7q8]#F5q:?4ybbs.englishcn.comBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方 V9C;X2a-P!S
回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。
3{7Q;M;X%E&|+p$Tbbs.englishcn.com如:
&U7j)`,H&I1) He has already finished his homework.:_.C Q/|3Y9?1z.i,o H"]
2) I have not finished reading the book yet. "y!Q(c#Y:o#m&U)~1{
注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。
0]1n2f(R.M1Y,iBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:Have you already seen him? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.R+q1D5}(J
“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。
5_2b$x)@1[!?&JEnglish learners' Forum如:
-S C8o+@&Y)~9R)i8u+f英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1) She still likes him.
*` S&k'\-U/p4?8U4}English learners' Forum2) I still can not understand you. English learners' Forum5u9V2Z9|7N)w
注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。
5R/`8r;L6y [&}如:英语论坛$D k"^8p(r7m0y8b
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)English learners' Forum,~%F;A9v6f'D)S$Z J2L
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?
9W8m&z3v5I%q
3u0B g:^7R英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.
$d3L$X p;J"M'v7Q&|2X'U;m"k英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?
8Q;F:i:s:S/W6I(}2n.eBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方When it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"E5r!r&O0|1e
E.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,O:^;L2L"F.G
Pay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0W&H9r/B V1e
Let's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)
-v(y4R%D8{%VBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request)bbs.englishcn.com+I*Q-w3u.R9[)P*K7J0t

-~6j(L4^9u"D&|;m+LBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-s:E%N'y1T
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地!q2U+v)N2\ U/m
回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地'f:W6Z0K4N1y(d8A
如:Let's play tennis, shall we?bbs.englishcn.com0u(C(T A,B6V3f-`2E
如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。
#B1g6`"J4n5D如:Let's not go to the party, OK? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3N*z*|2?%k5l,?/[
注意区别“let us”和“let's”。
.L#u V1A8]1z8j9p-@6sEnglish learners' ForumLet's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议),L1^ p,m8V%m
Let us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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