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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:English learners' Forum/s9}4X'U9\0y5R.L
1). When a sentence begins with there:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:Q(~'m:v$q+@+t.l
E.g. There is no basis for this complaint.
#T9D"f8s9O1]'C9D6pEnglish learners' Forum英语论坛;I*e4C;s;X9M
2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:English learners' Forum/R4V6B2h4C%g
E.g. On the corner stood a police officer.
5x6D#e6x:Q5m&R [1M$y9L$?1B英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,p M;[.D+S*V R%x/j
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:
:L3R1v {!R(@English learners' ForumE.g. Never has the world faced so many problems.
9e&i4G"}1B!Q5x'Z-k"_English learners' Forum4V8I:W.l.e'i)V*g#?8`
4). When a sentence begins with only:BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(?#`1B:y5[#s9[1Q6e
E.g. Only once was John late to class.
.`(T/^7F9F#I4t7C英语论坛3P2G0t7q"d g1q8P
5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:
3]5`3J2N*b7S#h9qEnglish learners' ForumE.g. Down came the rain.'K3L"\;V1c&H
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!R8w'Z.X6@#\ F!z0n%e7I
问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?9S1M%e-R8[#B&?
bbs.englishcn.com2J)V Y9X(y:D7^1O
回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地#T+r%@6o7I3n4Y+s/n
1). 句子以there开头:英语论坛6m$`3x$~(Q0G4W(n
例:There is no basis for this complaint. bbs.englishcn.com8b(z"R6[$r

)t*D1e8O4G$l,L)R!w英语论坛2). 句子以介词短语开头:!b$i X#A9^'k
例:On the corner stood a police officer.
+_*f%a0o3P)]5{8VBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 F4z,~8R6N(L/F,t.X
3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:bbs.englishcn.com.j4u!O"M-M(K0p
例:Never has the world faced so many problems. 6h)a/j!N2y2S"c

&f&b!W)V/n!}"D1F4}英语论坛4). 句子以only开头:
(l5U+?#j3C/i1k6vBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方例:Only once was John late to class.
7k;F,Q*u#D+O英语论坛
7L2H+o,o1g F.@5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:
1Z2w2X&q)U5H0t英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地例:Down came the rain.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be English learners' Forum.]5~5Z'[+P:J)F
either "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two 9J$b1T,F#B!{
forms?
%y'G!z&r:J英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
#T'U0a,c0G-gBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" as英语论坛6b*n!J6e,j2t6S
its past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to cause
3I2a9V&U'T.q1h英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" forBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0b(?(o l&l
its past tense form and past participle.English learners' Forum"M2s3Y(a"C#H6y

#z9I,E,[:i&o4^问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什
)B2U$z*T4V么区别吗?英语论坛5L7y5N;O6F+O
英语论坛 \#d9D7[+Z3C/C+m
回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”bbs.englishcn.com;k1@,A8\#i9l.t1J5R
,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?
%p1w.k0j&k.S2g$rBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
8m:Q4q/m*O+[2iBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地;M0W*X"h'v6u!B3n5~

-\.G)H0h8B%u+z2ZEnglish learners' Forum问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 t-o'F3d4B2`3c.x9G&a

%L5t%B!w;k,b)a'E @bbs.englishcn.com回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4c)k;P8n,J1x/F)`7A

3w-~#i'y&m+H'M#v,S&VBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".English learners' Forum+C*a)o0E-G8N&k

:?0E8[2v2z-a:M9^/e英语论坛问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"R |9c-q:X4L:X5u.N
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方8p#k#g#J N
回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?
-K+U9w9m$`4\4l+rEnglish learners' Forum
)z7l+H+Y7y'b){bbs.englishcn.comAnswer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.
$t/S-E8_'h%hbbs.englishcn.com
)t)u4U/C0`0Z4s3{-N0Z英语论坛1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.
1D!p1a/u+Y!F+fBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+v!r"V'a3V
2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.英语论坛1?9b/r:X3J4u+A'Y
bbs.englishcn.com-@3A,C(Q!M&W/A(N
3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.)F;o+}#h)n*l;["`)B6d
:d&H3U-k6m+h2p;@
问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?
+j,q7R8h/O-j*~BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
"I5N3Z-@7z!Z$I3C,b回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form? English learners' Forum'n6G%s3N1^,B
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地6[4x:]'[;h)};{,Q)z
Answer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:
"A"E8\,A1P英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--sooner
*`#l%c3t*i英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方%Y)y,L*N4K n!R&a.n
3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.
4i:?(}4o1l;T6r(J8eBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.
$U%e3c2z3K.y&M)~5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier.
2f#C3G3b#W;m5J0@bbs.englishcn.combbs.englishcn.com&Z2C'c3u:v+@3~2A
问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?
%{4a:V8O0w,S e英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地bbs.englishcn.com,G/o2f4Z0`9n#n
回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:)P/{9{+d%d3{
1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。
;b)h(^"G&K-F8z英语论坛如:thick--thicker; soon--sooner
8C(I%c*{$s1~(J+s,xBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。
$V l*C;I&R/~)a,]+e英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:more beautiful; more important
6Z8s'p2W!i5~#C:p英语论坛3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!}7N&V.z*x
如:more useful; more boring; more cautiousbbs.englishcn.com/s6|9u o#F)L:p9_
4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。
(R:?5w2l!O5\%]$t1z如:big--bigger; hot--hotter
-c!z5r+x-U `BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。
;S:r2s:N.b'u'u"N如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?"{8V0L(_'Z$b e:w

-`7F4B4U5T-Y'K7v;U g英语论坛Answer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:英语论坛;X"A)t.D+E#c2Y2^

:c9s#Q+p9g0e%c(WEnglish learners' Forum1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.
's8M*v(V T5l%b#?;\English learners' ForumE.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地'{"z6]"I(W#P0U4s
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方,h2O.|1X3?7m(`/E1O
(3). After he left, I went to bed.英语论坛%l%r5l(}$e5C"D2O9r,J

#~+b#v$U,F3w |"x%i#q%O英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"English learners' Forum*P&{(x)j1J/g K4B
E.g.(1). It was he at he door.英语论坛3o3T8b;B&Q0O![
(2). It must have been they who left the message.
,A9}2f+D0x1a;I0{&D:{.?英语论坛英语论坛'T6z7V%|'|%`$t6^-b8S9N
3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.bbs.englishcn.com9W*x"@7_1G'z
E.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).bbs.englishcn.com!O*`6O3F(H,z
(2). They have more money than we (have).BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方#|!O/\8Z/c'x4s#F

/Q2~(B,z6F(g6s9t"?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$m7z)e$i(E(I3X.Z

!w.m7R.Z'k&O/^#o0|:g9x,F6sBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:
'?4R6_7O*S;E4B-\8X#Dbbs.englishcn.com
/M*\/A%m.w6i8vbbs.englishcn.com1). 作主句或从句的主语
+E"X"D8E)_;L如: (1). He left his book in the classroom.
%J6]3F(_ z `7b)O"p%i(|,k英语论坛(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9q9B9k6c0X6w'r1C
(3). After he left, I went to bed.9e+?&`8M(X$c'@8O.H
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2n.w)P:?0N5y9b6[
2). 用于“to be”后
+z$G9T%^4}:d lbbs.englishcn.com如:(1). It was he at he door.
6u0A0i"t!w&c9@2h)l5A英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(2). It must have been they who left the message.英语论坛)e7B5r!y,h9T,_9W

#h;~6j9T0p2D;v英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3). 两个从句的主语做比较时
1R3R!s {9n$Q!d如:(1). She is taller than he (is).英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9C:\3@.C6q"u ` \7x&c.f
(2). They have more money than we (have).

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38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4|:C$?,u5O#|%]2A
)L5Y7V&I,Q9M5e*}:B
Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives.
,z1B!z+R3E,X-H1j;c*?9Vbbs.englishcn.comE.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
4W.O(\*H-M英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地English learners' Forum"B6y8m#m _-i9q9|.X
Perceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.bbs.englishcn.com1?+\%E#`!R;L#e$d-f4q
E.g. I heard them shout something.
,u9@:j S.{1W$u:fEnglish learners' Forum
'b7}.{+T+@1N8W:l英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)
"Z6j y:V.{#^7U;OBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)英语论坛"`/e(z&q5J3E;o3n3V

&Y)]%r,E6z4a9rBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?
0s6d4\"t6g2T'Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5u%s#~9j4v4Y&k9V)t)v/@
回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。
,k$P"a8K:V/y*uEnglish learners' Forum如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
6S+P8X0^;c&n#X"u英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语论坛$f4D7n,^*u&V-m
感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。
#?$T;V3p)`(h8v1@BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:I heard them shout something.2S1I;E4G0g)g3o

&t*t:]'G3o M6W注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)
3B$l#N;~6ZBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"? English learners' Forum-F"k,] D5f(c3t

+e1m'L)|+o:{*\0o.B#`'`%gBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地/w8\0\&x9]*n(k n
E.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he? bbs.englishcn.com;F/F%s5d e/W.I9o

)Z2[7s"n;Z'Q&[英语论坛问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?
1P(a3D;H2e-V5`"q:e5V7N)z英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
+X2{.B+b8d3T E!Q)p3rBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。)\/e m)L5Q3O.s$i4\(W
如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?
"}3v'g#k)e7P+aBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语论坛7_0a3m7q1V;f
Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".bbs.englishcn.com:q0e9K#C%X.v$k
E.g. He went to bed late last night.English learners' Forum7`#`*O6O,H;O7s!i&?4u
"Lately" means "in the resent past".
5@&M:g:V1P0x(_6MEnglish learners' ForumE.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.
,D"z(A9m4t/v5?2}BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方6t#^;m#G.S0q
问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?
+d$u,i1W)~-N#]6w
:{1V1p7u'I英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。bbs.englishcn.com:`'C(m#T(])~0?$D)v,T
如:He went to bed late last night.English learners' Forum$E4u(R7r z8L#R!B%F
“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。
4{#U;U"g1d:b7}(q;d9k英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:52  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?
*C(K,t k3o/Z(Z,z9q!bBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方7R0l*f2o)[1p8K
Answer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".
-|%[7n#i8Q3I&E2lBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.英语论坛)p&[1O8y)?7K
"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".英语论坛2c,k(f/f0U#T
E.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.&l&v+x.X7?;|%M,S

5O%}!~3e/?)F&C-N英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?2W-t9U/x3h/\8L'O

%L9p1['k%A2u-o9\:s7Q1j.w8uBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。bbs.englishcn.com.Z/k0B%L#U8U4m"E*Q#o
如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.English learners' Forum1{.u*I)`:x'e$o'j
“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。)H)y2z5S8y*M2~1D)?/l
如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."?
/M&o"z/[6]-@'[1nEnglish learners' Forum
*@0X+Y0[;|3J9]"H'DAnswer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.
*[$O$z#~;U英语论坛E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he? 英语论坛:A*K$F6K6S%q4h
The same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".bbs.englishcn.com$s2a;L(u b&A9K
E.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?
.e0H,[+q3c/w,X8n8?         You'd better go at once, hadn't you?
#l$p7D.J3B7{!i-u$P英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Note: 英语论坛)\0}$C7{9T
1). "have" as auxiliary verb
9m+B.U2R5I6V9X%q$zE.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5m8D,a;J6Z$q6o1G
2). "have" as action verb
7i&L*G)I0\-E9N tEnglish learners' ForumE.g. You have no brother, do you?
:x!y:`'W&vBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方bbs.englishcn.com*o1@0X4k+U'g!N
问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的? 英语论坛:M:n8I%T)N
英语论坛,p;\'L3v*F)j+T
回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-`0W#z)y:[$g;R
如:He has to study English, doesn't he?
8t*v'E6z8N3L(r9i;A&X英语论坛“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。英语论坛 J.o)r+Y3k!A8V:F
如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?
!^'U r%b9i4r,F)q英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?英语论坛.o k(q(h,y,I6@;~
注意:
5R3L#H c(X0b*w*Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1).“have”作为助动词。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"D3D \4s*Y+g4p;n3T%I
如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3@0p"v/[1G1A
2).“have”作为实义动词。英语论坛2m%y2f,W.S6|6_.d
如:You have no brother, do you?

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,q1S3P%u&p"e(a
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地![ w.\%v4l2k;}-[
Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.English learners' Forum:B6G${3k'f5o
Examples:
&L(i1Z2q%I,E%m#]*F英语论坛a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.#_*w!c;L6A7e6M;r'm)H
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
;?5P0I$x0D,N"M英语论坛c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.bbs.englishcn.com4^&b*u;^4^-L)H0o:|4O:C
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).英语论坛1M;\"d)U/b"a0P6D
Some time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地0d$c3v%E4|$A
Examples: BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0J,n!L1Q/}.f/?:[
a) I disagree to the above statement.
(p,t4E(d,~$J8{"~2n%]bbs.englishcn.comb) The down path is very dangerous.
7?5@'y)p6}0a%cEnglish learners' Forum
9j5w8\+n#Wbbs.englishcn.com问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方*]&n#P#]5s&n$Q;U*D;w
:X3n3f)i.C#s*O%V:C:j;Z
回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。bbs.englishcn.com:L:c;B(F'G9W%G0L w+E/a
例:bbs.englishcn.com,Z.`,W$@1R,L,O$i2H#K,N
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.English learners' Forum.K![/V!r1c)k/g.@
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9r-o7q(a-L:n6K1E9F8W
c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.
,z"b;Q3O,J9b+Cd) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
/K,B0u#b:u:Z%S6e$Y$f3g英语论坛一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。
$|8x:n2b,y(b7A+y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地例:
H;L2_9]0H0M#x)M2vBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方a) I disagree to the above statement.英语论坛4`'W!T+y9d'E/s"c5k
b) The down path is very dangerous.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"?
X-b"H5d,f4y8~
5j5y(b8a9F#f!D-v(@4PAnswer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.English learners' Forum#v"K$o,D%P&B&F:p;\
E.g.
(h(y(O(k-\+Z:^ Nbbs.englishcn.com1) He has already finished his homework.bbs.englishcn.com*x4A"~'s"x+s0^;Z
2) I have not finished reading the book yet.
/P*r%V4~6I7hNote: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.
$R1_"C7p1F$|5M*x5u,Xbbs.englishcn.comE.g. Have you already seen him? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(E)e*{'{*} `
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.
"U(`.g,q,P+Q FBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g.
?0B9F;M:O,C1u9Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1) She still likes him.English learners' Forum6B.w4g#B2|8t9I l9e.H
2) I still can not understand you. English learners' Forum a:v6a-F:f*O7F
Note: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.bbs.englishcn.com!u$B(l2W6@-C'R3d
E.g. BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3P5}7W'f's
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)u5V0R+p6e%]-}
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless) BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0q-W6t"A-U;~(i4[7\
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地([8z)i(G.y1X
问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?
;V4E,c-m s英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
,R#R0g6l:E2Z!H1q,j回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。English learners' Forum;T/f2p,P5X,p
如:English learners' Forum:W-B O2M-z'F,?:x
1) He has already finished his homework.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'M8N#R8}8} e
2) I have not finished reading the book yet. 英语论坛'I Y/V.@"N3|
注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。
"q4}/C6x+g*F)J `BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:Have you already seen him?
"j-i6['u(R)H#A'},r英语论坛“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。English learners' Forum)d;M7h1r,i8W"v
如:
0O*w7e,K/oBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1) She still likes him.
9f4d.q v/\8P英语论坛2) I still can not understand you. bbs.englishcn.com.?8z!_(}"D!?.[:p%O)K9w
注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地)J;e;_%Y7P6e"g L
如:
6}.O1B'] Y.{*p9~1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9P%R#X9Q6T1a*R!Q6~(X
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?
"a3T1r!F.P9o*E&{7w%\$_#x'e英语论坛英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(Y:u,j |0N0m!S$f.i
Answer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.English learners' Forum1|'W;I9B/I-`:p%G*u5d
E.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?
8E:K!O)U,j W;k'vEnglish learners' ForumWhen it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.
#M%N1B%?4v/y(x1g-`E.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?.G%l7I7_%Q"x;m
Pay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".English learners' Forum.m0T9S*|6{
Let's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)英语论坛;|-J2K&c%s*T.s2K3l!Q
Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request)bbs.englishcn.com%Z/@+A$Z!o3m,R+j0k"a8n

:D3H"p%?,q/u7ubbs.englishcn.com问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?English learners' Forum!P-o%]7w/G&m,x-Z/d

'w$J*J.~:M/N1]:G6U英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。
&S*U,J8T9Z*s)D;P'f英语论坛如:Let's play tennis, shall we?bbs.englishcn.com;`!|:z5J7I+P"P8}
如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。英语论坛1R*M L8K!^3b l2p,m
如:Let's not go to the party, OK?
!];V(Z%a(X3?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方注意区别“let us”和“let's”。3E:^1[&E"}$l+L"q6O9Y
Let's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-p:J(X%M4O `%?-_5a#b
Let us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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