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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:bbs.englishcn.com2r"S;n(],j![:X#{8u
1). When a sentence begins with there:英语论坛2[ q$^1} I5`$a)H7`
E.g. There is no basis for this complaint. bbs.englishcn.com1s*s-L6S$X0J
bbs.englishcn.com1s/{8I;W `.P
2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:bbs.englishcn.com$|3L"Y1w }:W+F
E.g. On the corner stood a police officer. BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5j)?*m5|8E;l!{)d
英语论坛#E5i(M"P)f$~%d
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:
)l,V8O9V b%m8\ @-w英语论坛E.g. Never has the world faced so many problems.
3c1F2V0~'_+Z;v6W"y
/M,H5}0g*}8X+K*n*y1j#iBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方4). When a sentence begins with only:English learners' Forum4y&]"P9u8T.E$~;D7L5t)i
E.g. Only once was John late to class. English learners' Forum)V;S5`-g,Q
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方#R5h$X3E)c%f!^(B+P;a
5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:
'_2T3b!N#R5w4s;dBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. Down came the rain.
.t;w"z;^8a E(I6s2cBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
#~1Q5M,T3i-[问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?
3e3}%o'd'`;i*]3oBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方bbs.englishcn.com*n4i-b4Y,T/`8o.H/W
回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:bbs.englishcn.com&O"[:E.E1n8^2R-l,E
1). 句子以there开头:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地8i'V&X/M8w)\4b'S1C0d
例:There is no basis for this complaint. 英语论坛'S$].J&L#I4U:s(X5l%r
){;t;\&K1~6E%X
2). 句子以介词短语开头:8^)T.[1Z0L2w#n!Y9s
例:On the corner stood a police officer. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地$]9O:z%e7M4S/c&b1h2k)d:n

^(R:e/x1x2p#W&r']英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:bbs.englishcn.com/v$r8}&^)k!R8E6f
例:Never has the world faced so many problems. BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方*x:c6V5a.h$x!c
bbs.englishcn.com3|2F%]:j"d
4). 句子以only开头:%z1X0v+E#s8F"L
例:Only once was John late to class. bbs.englishcn.com)e8F2K0K!G/R;u*^3j

:x![5{8S-W7L.M英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:
%t,l5V9L&k例:Down came the rain.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be
$Q'v:A.[-O'hbbs.englishcn.comeither "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two
$d-C3`,K U-W%K%q&U"T#n英语论坛forms?英语论坛:V;_!Y1^!B8j3X5?)b
9O"A:]8z3j1e7v X!S
Answer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" as
6]&\:{5M/r:a%K2ubbs.englishcn.comits past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to cause/d(m%J+d3_'z!j.[!i
to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" for$j*a |8Z9M+Y
its past tense form and past participle.
(|-a/W3|(B"`+@:~BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
/d"^#D/q+r-p+r0B7`(c){英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什
6},k"h+r-H.\,F3X6s英语论坛么区别吗?-l)o4r3@2d7l$b7p(y%y-i

7a7j6d#@%t%]-C英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地6}9c*c9j;L5^8V
,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?
7m'?1Q ~9f i英语论坛
(s M)B(`4G5b'[Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".
!m4L!x;x9X"n9M5HBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方English learners' Forum%g5h"}'~3Z:y7Q9Y
问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?
!s/s1h"_ w.~英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
.{"K"s,y3_,Y8b.o5{5B回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-L:k#R6G O*t9|'M

,k!n k)\(V,H(p h英语论坛Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".
0m1T/p7E%}'P3y2q;_英语论坛英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地7V+V,}%D8z9H
问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?English learners' Forum7]*K.g-P9f5i9I&S

1v)c'a%o(?4q-T;CBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:48  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?
9w8Q3S(u4n&R+\,n%K%hEnglish learners' ForumEnglish learners' Forum/k0@3p(I&^%y+@
Answer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.
1O1|7J$w)f7QBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
0i+P.m$n-J!z2Rbbs.englishcn.com1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.
2t*O({&O)S"eBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 _+t7_1V$x/|*I+@$\
2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.1D#{;@4i;O)n9v.l

;c'D%e%s!y7e |*}BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.,o$^&I4U0m,N

(^;r.h;D&g%p.c#Z英语论坛问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?
#i9I/A;u*q%B z7u B+j"](p英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.A"?%I;d%u2Q;D
回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form?
7O,{/g+T2i9s4n-L
$d)J'g'P%m9|%H英语论坛Answer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:英语论坛/m5S.U0\"W'S)H&F!]-K L
1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--sooner
;P9m(f+^2@"U9QBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.
%a(s1A:e6V1E6i;P1p-U英语论坛3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.
D$B1U%r/t$N4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.
1o*S-i!|;M3?.c英语论坛5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier.
2a:X$e9~ A#Y$KEnglish learners' ForumEnglish learners' Forum6_3{7F)M%q2@-`#{!S
问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?
&{!W2e:K2K$W%?(}6?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
,`2l8|:^+{(z-C8K:@*~;_$e回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:
7J;N7_+q+W5y*R)L;Q*mEnglish learners' Forum1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。bbs.englishcn.com t9k-o'I0v'V(d&K h
如:thick--thicker; soon--sooner
9I7i7\:k(R1k-s2@+?英语论坛2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。
#S/o,}.g8\)o!wEnglish learners' Forum如:more beautiful; more important
*@+N8\&c,g3U英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'f:V1?$p*P;[
如:more useful; more boring; more cautiousBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方8_9S9h6b(@(p/z
4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。
0u7{ D!b+K0g%Ebbs.englishcn.com如:big--bigger; hot--hotter
,z"N$G-R!g"C#{+n英语论坛5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。English learners' Forum;}*L&Z8~2J9O'{8@
如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?English learners' Forum-l1\&~4l8V)^"I*L,z

7W4T#}:p8~9l1b7t'^0e英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:
7T-J/v&@/y-m6_英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地/L7X9E3f({(I;t
1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.
0\!G5b#?'d"g"Y/~.j2BBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom. (?&U,h8A!H-f9S6T6h
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.5T(J$v+E*R S
(3). After he left, I went to bed.English learners' Forum7G4z n)j+v,[1X,G t(N
English learners' Forum3Y"R'@ Y&j9M
2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"
/g:`1Y%M+T!o8o;_:YE.g.(1). It was he at he door.,l-X:t4P5H+|
(2). It must have been they who left the message.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1i6E(N4r3j2a

6_7c$q)N2H'R%M:t英语论坛3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.
-P8E,l7]3|;~.@#J-M英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).bbs.englishcn.com.Q n)k"O&Q%h
(2). They have more money than we (have).
!y,v!D-k8Mbbs.englishcn.com
?9Z-B:b7~,{(I英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地,o3g,N+X$T8h4K2a
English learners' Forum-M.G1I*@1O+O+_
回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:
-G,L"C7v7F.~;B%^+M)_英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*H"B6y%?,d2b
1). 作主句或从句的主语bbs.englishcn.com%]2q5s5b-L+v8V;_
如: (1). He left his book in the classroom.
2V5o;O'a%t5W%S.J英语论坛(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.
8{:D#v7n&x+Q!P'hBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(3). After he left, I went to bed.%b m#F+b8a

9\;s8T)};]%q;Q;kbbs.englishcn.com2). 用于“to be”后
1t)r8h#i7C$b U英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:(1). It was he at he door.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地&g7p/p+}0z7C5T1@*a-?
(2). It must have been they who left the message.English learners' Forum6g4K Y2z6@

7z:v#I8q"V*g+k6Y&U3). 两个从句的主语做比较时bbs.englishcn.com8p6I&k$m&@:m!r*s"s"L
如:(1). She is taller than he (is).英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-?(s7l*G8v/w$@7q
(2). They have more money than we (have).

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?English learners' Forum:Z;k0s'F!N:l"{)i
bbs.englishcn.com$s!E7a4s!i3~$z/l
Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives.
"N)H"Y*L/z2{;G(`BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
&T(A4u#g!z3S英语论坛英语论坛(L*v.G!E;W3Q:x6w9e0[
Perceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.
&L(]!V i3c"V0M2Q(G8~0lbbs.englishcn.comE.g. I heard them shout something.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4D5w0R5s7F/i$q4\
bbs.englishcn.com#]*?3t*j/q%o9~3}5t
Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 ^5F(h)z6X3Y#t+D%A'@
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4]1r#r'T(~7@&u
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1c#Y6Y;g#D6r.c-o)c3c
问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?英语论坛)B X/c!\;e(`'A5i.b
/f(`8x5E$z4U
回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。
;P/j*[/c7I0I3A*m(T4V%P&_英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$z(?9e#c*U8~
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)u"H3A+Q0g({1t2e:P
感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。英语论坛.}3t c%S'{(q2z
如:I heard them shout something.English learners' Forum2v:i G.K"K+Z,E

6{2L.T9D1z4v'Dbbs.englishcn.com注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)bbs.englishcn.com:X*d&S&g8g:i1~9J
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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现在开通英语博克!
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"? bbs.englishcn.com+Y6@8o W9J-S'E0d

(B-C7T3o3o.U B5dAnswer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.%e I.|/K-l:J
E.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he?
6A!A2E&G(?-h(m!?English learners' Forumbbs.englishcn.com"A"s t d v.N3m
问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?英语论坛(z,g e&S"k0j.@
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方4B(Y-Y&G*|:n
回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。!a*Q2`%i7O
如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?
;z.A;I5o3{)Jbbs.englishcn.com(X c v-Y8H/H#T0B"n6J
Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".
5L5b$_8G&W)f6V.Ibbs.englishcn.comE.g. He went to bed late last night.
#{7Y+V)s0x7[.kBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"Lately" means "in the resent past".bbs.englishcn.com.i$W2I)k,N0b&D
E.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.
:s4S4V*R#n4C'A1u0d)gBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
&T5S%])p&m8bbbs.englishcn.com问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?
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2A,T)u"{"s$LBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。
5l7v%K0^7H)R&m英语论坛如:He went to bed late last night.
#F'O;h*a$^)e%u7[英语论坛“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+x-p%n+v*` K
如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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现在开通英语博克!
41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?
&|!H0m&J-d2a4x:b:M1B%I%LEnglish learners' Forum
8?%j T,d5v%b5{English learners' ForumAnswer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".英语论坛4m3@-~1L1P/d
E.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.
"[$p$G"y'k$c(Ebbs.englishcn.com"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".
%b(V!t.U(j0h#PBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.
/Y&p8k0o&f"|+^0?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语论坛4A"P%L:y/i4V1c-@1M6w
问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?
4J D7|8A-K9g'A!X+b
1K/A-K8Q"y回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。
2{5u4t![7^3J$|1s1c'z如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方!b:p2T6L8z-w
“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。
)H&}+M;q&[8b#[!A英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."?
-R5@-o*{+X
)|&l.A)|(u3\4_#G;m%e![Answer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.bbs.englishcn.com#H8z#C$y$A
E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he?
;I$q1l })E7J3L4Y英语论坛The same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".
(c4W6u/`0N"q;Z.y"t"f nE.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?英语论坛-N)H,_&_-k
         You'd better go at once, hadn't you? 'd5c8M"P!h
Note:
(H"Y2U:G$k-e"b7c0]英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1). "have" as auxiliary verb
"}$H7v7c%s'w2V英语论坛E.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?
3b$^*m.X3T!h*U0L)^9w英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). "have" as action verb英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地/k&E's*s&|
E.g. You have no brother, do you?
3Z9V3h!t,U*]
-};g+w [&K,h$e!N(X英语论坛问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的?
#t,~4S2d#]'I5C英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/[${(\7F9M1f(m3k
回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$Q(H7O;}:f$i%X:D
如:He has to study English, doesn't he?英语论坛)Z-n ^2\!_ R.I2z
“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。English learners' Forum5O*p*?$S:R)}7\9C-A
如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?
;z)x'E0W+r1w)]英语论坛        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?
6F2D:`/k-}8X1}BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方注意:
8m'q0J&t0i*K;d5F P1).“have”作为助动词。
6s#F#s*F2@bbs.englishcn.com如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/?(u"U;j+w
2).“have”作为实义动词。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/X.X2z&D*q3W(D,H
如:You have no brother, do you?

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43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives? bbs.englishcn.com-O W1q#?,S
英语论坛(g,b*W7i%]3?:D
Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.English learners' Forum%})^#W)R6_9_6A(S
Examples: English learners' Forum+J4j(Z"?.Z3j
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast."E9`!C1F*D!{9G8j,w0j7I
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
h.o'?4@!W&d5{c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.
"z"n6y-@:Qd) Don't speak so fast (adv.).BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/u8C$t)U*D)p-F&J*i
Some time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.英语论坛4A z"i)r `/f
Examples: 0D,z1i)T-c;H
a) I disagree to the above statement.
/i8C;h%B0t u&WEnglish learners' Forumb) The down path is very dangerous.
&U-c.x/M#P4P6y6H英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地3f1?"w+C C*q:~,^8n `4D"]
问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方:o4{/N-I:Z5[

3g1m'[9k9y1A$jEnglish learners' Forum回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。
4j&J [8z2O9`/P/i8y2UEnglish learners' Forum例:
2h&D!s'_(g0d1Qa) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.
8H7q6a*b!@1B&S*`英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地b) We had breakfast early (adv.).英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:[/t*j6{)V(k-]
c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.bbs.englishcn.com-H$d%])`.P
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).2@3E9p$h7V3g'C
一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$^7K,o.O*g(c(i
例:English learners' Forum#N4E6R(n&\2K2V:R"W3p3H
a) I disagree to the above statement.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方6X1_$U;i5K3z3E8W+N5i/Y
b) The down path is very dangerous.

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44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"? English learners' Forum7q.`:m+G#X7S h)~ @
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地:c/|,J%X I5d+n!X+B+e
Answer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.
%p#v3l:k!R4JE.g. English learners' Forum'@-F0Q1R-v1B:{4l
1) He has already finished his homework.
#I"R*j4[:c0u5];I英语论坛2) I have not finished reading the book yet. English learners' Forum,^6v:L*~&H!z+r/F8C
Note: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.English learners' Forum;e%_$p8M.D*f
E.g. Have you already seen him? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"b4Q B-u L:v7y7T Z4B#A
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.bbs.englishcn.com0t8o z*f&g%O$A2F6h
E.g.
d8z!\+e-o(k4I#Tbbs.englishcn.com1) She still likes him.
'x*e1`0B:R9z(D:J,b英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) I still can not understand you. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地$W3M&F"|.R+o$r+c&I1t
Note: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.English learners' Forum0n7b9P!H'Z
E.g.
'^9x0c0\;G4H&~:L,rbbs.englishcn.com1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)
4y![$E4@&_;F.G/n,i8~英语论坛2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless) BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)m!P;R3x#h&n0?2R.J/{4x
$g)t6_!\+P
问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?
$g3R ](l2I-W!j
,p4G,^%p0\-dEnglish learners' Forum回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。
-a/o%O$F i I$H1e3X7zBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方%I4G)c.n2c,w:{"]8h7Z3c
1) He has already finished his homework.#y2@2O+L1I4D
2) I have not finished reading the book yet.
#_-L,`-X;b,Q7~bbs.englishcn.com注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。
&t.@.o6N2[0^2N1I!c!{如:Have you already seen him?
,w/{,H8q;Q&\:D“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。
(X7A1~2J2\:v如:英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地5j!u ^0E-Z,t
1) She still likes him.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1a2U1P4L'V;^
2) I still can not understand you. bbs.englishcn.com5r3r&j%F.P
注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1w&v%f1f;h#J2j8@2f
如:
5c:]7n [(@#q.L C"JBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)
7e8b1w.z)I/j1J4?1@英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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现在开通英语博克!
45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?bbs.englishcn.com3|2@ W!B6X5y*}4A8K3?

9W+C$^/C7n+r5X%B/kEnglish learners' ForumAnswer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.
+Q0^;Z8b)e-W G5P:SE.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9w7z4o&p8o-t0l%k;V:M
When it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.
!@1c2^5l'e/x'LE.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?
7j(Q)r#c8C+C:}English learners' ForumPay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.T5k;~*[ Q;{
Let's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)
'n7a6k#K;d!o)L/[6~英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request).{7L7`8`,q9J5Y;b

9K2t:l0\6Q;Cbbs.englishcn.com问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?英语论坛,I5o;y0C q%P#u5_7b)C9}+}

#B,p3w&x8h&m*?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。英语论坛6H(w,S0{6R&a'd0`%Q h
如:Let's play tennis, shall we?
!a+t1W9l2L:D!QBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0h"?.}%U,K%K1X$Q,K,V.B
如:Let's not go to the party, OK?
(A7E&h%p&@0_+X9t5t:|:s5N&v注意区别“let us”和“let's”。
-N;d)h:}#D;H:Mbbs.englishcn.comLet's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议)
+D&T f6|(F'v/W;tbbs.englishcn.comLet us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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