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标题: 英语学习问题解答109问!
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发表于 2007-6-2 07:46  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

31: When shall I use inversion?

Answer: Inversion of subject and verb occurs under the following circumstances:
:l+]#|3j$v%A0v8p$v#qBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1). When a sentence begins with there:
8R6c6g'C)}2Z2f%N;B,?English learners' ForumE.g. There is no basis for this complaint. 3I(Z/s)B$`

1v"e$h#i/j2). When a sentence begins with a prepositional phrase:6q%U-l+H3X%W;C5L5N,y7T
E.g. On the corner stood a police officer. bbs.englishcn.com5G;g,l i6t x3?
'R(f(u2a5d2N,l9U
3). When a sentence begins with "negative" word or expression such as never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere, etc:英语论坛1N0R8l8v;V5R
E.g. Never has the world faced so many problems. 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.U:i2b5T-r f6\*z
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方$W+H(g*}7w&G#u
4). When a sentence begins with only:
4q2s a#v.?"}"Tbbs.englishcn.comE.g. Only once was John late to class. bbs.englishcn.com7Z"p*d3z-N1\$O
bbs.englishcn.com"v(@ Z#U'V
5). When an adverb such as down, in, out, up is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the verb is placed before the subject if the subject is a noun:
'o5?"H%O"w'}2A9b!yBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. Down came the rain.
/O.B0g!]9j3`+z3kBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
5z+R,v9R)X1N TEnglish learners' Forum问题31: 什么时候应该用倒装?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"p0v,G4^ f#C2u1B7H

0R3K F.b9}.y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地回答: 以下情况, 主语和谓语要倒装:
7Q0h2]7x%} k+T1). 句子以there开头:
)L9x'o%|8p%Y)q5K例:There is no basis for this complaint. 英语论坛(D/Z9b3\%\/G/a5o&e1\
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&?9D1K;}6i5j
2). 句子以介词短语开头:bbs.englishcn.com&U*i$k:e.\.W"}"i3H+S
例:On the corner stood a police officer. English learners' Forum1G(a4l;M:`5v9e2L)Y
bbs.englishcn.com%`&~ i#`*^)V1B D)?
3). 句子以否定词或never, hardly, seldom, rarely, barely, scarcely, not only, at no time, nowhere等开头:English learners' Forum+[$e*T"s&_&W*a9f
例:Never has the world faced so many problems.
2|"z5V*o2k5oBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方英语论坛&|$b'K#E;^.I
4). 句子以only开头:
.}!z,k-|1S3A9[英语论坛例:Only once was John late to class.
)T8w e:@%~6m.z英语论坛1m5U"o4a6H%I
5). 句子以down, in, out, up开头,如果主语是名词,动词放在该名词前:
#F&W*]*A8^8{!H3wBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方例:Down came the rain.

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32: I find that the past participle of

Question 32: I find that the past participle of the word "hang" can be
;z"F;|5@-w-e-Z;BBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方either "hanged" or "hung". What's the difference between these two
+s5G4_)@)u%J;N1I;jBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方forms?bbs.englishcn.com!I5v;n(e+x)i5n;f k/G9@

D._'?-l'm$q9`9`/q'x1rEnglish learners' ForumAnswer: When it means "to fix things at the top", it takes "hung" as
*~!P+I'u5s9p3X:x"Eits past tense form and past participle. But when it means "to causeBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"W*f(q$u/\-K6K8b
to die by putting a rope around one's neck", it takes "hanged" for
1G)`!~#v1k'F+K8Z bBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方its past tense form and past participle.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9I*J.c/L7L:w)m

!S u;w4o#U*f%}English learners' Forum问题32: 我发现hang的过去分词既有hanged的形式也有hung的形式, 请问有什
'S9x+p2F/^!k0X3R5]English learners' Forum么区别吗?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地+S#@!X-W-^,y+W:B

9y'p3t/E l&p'h*|/_5Rbbs.englishcn.com回答: 如果hang表示的是“挂”的意思的话,过去式和过去分词只能是“hung”bbs.englishcn.com,|0Y8G4u+r,[%I:w:`
,如果表示“吊死”的意思,那么过去式和过去分词就要用“hanged”。

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:47  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?

Question 33: What's the difference between "lay" and "lie"?English learners' Forum'x(h2a.s H4e
英语论坛*y6A!l'F"A,[-M(Q
Answer: "Lay" is transitive, meaning "put" or "place", its past tense and past participle are "laid". "Lie" is intransitive, meaning "to be in a plat resting position", its past tense is "lay" and past participle is "lain". However, when "lie" means "to tell a lie", the past tense and past participle are both "lied".BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方'};t(P-n0H*k'Z1h6@!P+\
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方+o1U;a"`$c0Q$N
问题33: 怎样区别lay和lie?English learners' Forum+C.q+L t)d(N

&@)O9W.L%w7E8k%n"Tbbs.englishcn.com回答: lay是一个及物动词, 意思是“放”或“摆”,过去式和过去分词都是“laid”。lie是一个不及物动词,意思是“平躺”,过去式为“lay”,过去分词为“lain”。特别要注意的是,如果lie表示“撒谎”的意思时,它的过去式和过去分词都是“lied”。

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34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?

Question 34: What's the difference between "rise" and "raise"?bbs.englishcn.com6D3B5o7P.h8c!T
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地#R1]8J,G/H z(e6b0d,q
Answer: "Rise" is intransitive. The past tense form is "rose" and past participle is "risen". It means "to move or travel upwards". "Raise" is transitive. Its past tense and the past participle are both "raised". It means "to move something to a higher position".英语论坛.~/o#a7X8A%x-K'~"m

#\!j"y+p1{._4t ^!G英语论坛问题34: Rise和有raise什么区别?$b)T:x7i$I2^(]

%O'z+g;`$J ]英语论坛回答: rise是不及物动词。过去式形式为“rose”,过去分词形式为“risen”。它的意思是“移向高处,升起”。raise是及物动词,过去式和过去分词形式都为“raised”。它的意思是“举起”。

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35: I find the subordinations

Question 35: I find the subordinations are very confusing. I can hardly tell what function a subordinate clause plays in a whole sentence so I often make mistakes while deciding which conjunction to choose. Can you give me some advice?English learners' Forum*X!L!_'u#a:q'G)s!d
英语论坛2Y6Q9B4d.H!t
Answer: A complex sentence contains at least two clauses: a main clause and a subordinate clause. A subordinate clause, which is dependent on the main clause for its meaning, may function in a sentence as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地.X.C1J;{0O8|(_&c9\!i*W

!A*v;C x.y+n2x,@bbs.englishcn.com1). An adjective clause (also called a relative or attributive clause) usually begins with a pronoun, such as who, whom, whose, that, which, where or , when, and immediately follows the noun or pronoun which it describes.%x8\*Q6q:d(c:|#Y

:A:t,^6d/m4p英语论坛2). An adverb clause begins with an adverbial conjunction, such as because, although, if or while, and if frequently found at the beginning or the end of a sentence.English learners' Forum*~(S'K5{'^

;Y1Z*_2H;|,VBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3). A noun clause begins with the word that or a question word, such as why, what, or how, and can function in a sentence in any of the ways that a noun can.bbs.englishcn.com5|*E8J7t b(f
英语论坛5S"d&G(~-S*r!X0H$a*~&l
问题35: 我觉得从句很难。因为不能理解从句在整个句子中的作用,所以我经常不能正确地选择合适的关系词。您能给我一些建议吗?
1Q'E+p*B1b'U
-G.p6M'l0E.h'T#?回答: 英语各类从句可以归纳为三大类。第一类是形容词(定语)从句。它们一般由关系代词“who, which,that”,关系副词“where,when,which,that”,关系形容词“whose”来引导。第二类是状语从句。其表示因果关系的连词有“because,since,so that,whereas”等;表示时间的连词有“after,before,by the time,when,while,until,once,as,as soon as,since,now that”等;表示条件的有“if,even if,unless,only if,once,in case (that),provide that,in the event (that),whether or not”等;表示让步的有“although,though,while,whereas,even though”等;表示方式的有“as though,as if”等;表示比较的有“than,as”等。第三类是名词性从句,一般由“that”引导,做句子的主语、动词宾语、介词宾语、同位语等。关系代词和关系形容词也可引导名词性从句。疑问副词“when,where,why,how”也可引导名词性从句作主语和宾语。

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36: What rules shall I apply

Question 36: What rules shall I apply when to change an adjective into its comparison form?
}#\.K(|9c&g#G3{8Obbs.englishcn.com
%Y-G;l-M!S!p%o&s#wEnglish learners' ForumAnswer: The following rules generally apply to unequal comparative structures:
/b)w6]!L4B;l(I1). Add "-er" to the adjective base of most one- and two-syllable adjectives, e.g. thick--thicker; soon--soonerEnglish learners' Forum3J,P4u8r%z
2). Use the form "more + adjective" for most three-syllable adjectives, e.g. more beautiful; more important.英语论坛0Z,^1q'[0v%M,I$w1n
3). Use the form "more + adjective" for adjectives ending in the following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous; e.g. more useful; more boring; more cautious.
*x&g Z*P5L+}4). When adding "-er", double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant (except w,x,z) and are preceded by a single vowel, e.g. big--bigger; hot--hotter.&l3H/\,@'\#q9z)g$k8l
5). When an adjective ends in a consonant with "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "-er", e.g. happy--happier; dry--drier.
2[;x6c!N$?8j#KBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
/K8b4f9j&K#\"X/o&T'r;Zbbs.englishcn.com问题36: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,有何规则可循?
5p*a;T/]&Ibbs.englishcn.com英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地(m#^*K!B(J;B"b
回答: 把一个形容词转化为其比较级的形式,通常遵循以下规则:
3o#?;E:O!O3@9D*t英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1). 绝大多数单音节或双音节的形容词,直接在词尾加“-er”。
:G!f3O!J"M+r英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如:thick--thicker; soon--soonerBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方#H4v0O0l V4_4c2m
2). 绝大多数三个音节或以上的形容词,采用“more+adjecitve”的形式。
4w0i*w1U0O9s如:more beautiful; more importantbbs.englishcn.com-j7I!e h5X)s ]#?.a
3). 后缀为“-ed, -ful, -ing, -ish, -ous”的形容词,采用“more +adjective”的形式。英语论坛!x,s(Z)@8Y(Z(x
如:more useful; more boring; more cautious
3\)z4G$n*w$V(l4d/SEnglish learners' Forum4). 单个辅音字母结尾(除),并且该辅音前只有一个元音的单音节词,双写最后的辅音字母加“-er”。
)z"^"B7b)g(}9l2x-F YEnglish learners' Forum如:big--bigger; hot--hotter
"F C(Z:a;Q;o.t.O5). 以“y”结尾的形容词,去“y”变“i”然后加“-er”。bbs.englishcn.com'd4`#m/M6z1a8Z%G
如:happy--happier; dry--drier

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现在开通英语博克!
37: What is the usage of

Question 37: What is the usage of the subject forms of pronouns?
"v;s9}$L*C4Q8F/~ S9Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9`4d)x1{0j)Y
Answer: There are mainly three rules for the subject forms of pronouns:
*u#X$T*q:S+{$CEnglish learners' ForumBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2|'b9O$h4^ }:\9}
1). The subject form is used for a subject of a main clause or of a subordinate clause.English learners' Forum)c {"h5S$e `%g6C+u"J8\%f
E.g.(1). He left his book in the classroom. English learners' Forum:|8t7S$G:U2n4X1H
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.!i4g$A1z"\/[&|3P2M7T
(3). After he left, I went to bed.
;i:l6B'Y:z+B6D英语论坛
0y4\-c0W2`0p8~6y%MBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2). The subject form is used for pronouns that follow the verb "to be"BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)V/e7b-h2E(S
E.g.(1). It was he at he door.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地*F:L+\7O5S;W3O G
(2). It must have been they who left the message.
1~'?.O&h/R |BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
)`4o V:x+M6Y;W;pbbs.englishcn.com3). The subject form is used when the subjects of two clauses are being compared.
/n:k3d+\&d$_.E!E英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g.(1). She is taller than he (is).5j!Z8n4R!`8d*] V&Y-l
(2). They have more money than we (have).
9N,e&M!k D1L/TEnglish learners' Forum
#F%Z*\9u;d&W*z(]4a:H问题37: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有哪些?英语论坛0P"C2J&R*v'l @:l9\/y
英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地!b#z3o*I5K9I(d0[+x&q+A
回答: 代词为主格形式时,其用法有三条:
,}&t*n5^+s:s2i3U0Bbbs.englishcn.com
9|6u1A)_(J/U:B.o英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1). 作主句或从句的主语
#J"j9{"~#U+u英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地如: (1). He left his book in the classroom. 英语论坛6k,E7l6o"Q8c#i*M!N
(2). John Smith talked to the man who was wearing a blue coat.English learners' Forum&v&@,D3I!b6w%L
(3). After he left, I went to bed.
(e2e'],w8e$M;J1u"|
'd,x+t&u.G:g.y%r8o9s英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2). 用于“to be”后BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0y5x:Q2c%n0G3h(@
如:(1). It was he at he door.
7t(H&@ @.]/S;r%n英语论坛(2). It must have been they who left the message.
+u'i;~:j;_)M#h*Z'E英语论坛
&v2x5A%I8ZBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方3). 两个从句的主语做比较时bbs.englishcn.com _/t!z;n1B.a7s
如:(1). She is taller than he (is).BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方0U6H4q$t1e,l
(2). They have more money than we (have).

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:49  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
38: What kind of verbs should

Question 38: What kind of verbs should be followed by bare infinitives?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方%E9r/m1W)G5k0H1M

2h'k8N*F3[/b5BBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Answer: Causative verbs, such as have, let, make, bid, get, help, etc. are usually followed by bare infinitives. 4F8m)u4Z,[/N;J$k#Y+R
E.g. They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
+o#K/X t*t9{4}0N
,K-U){'y:f%x$?3V3zBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Perceptive verbs, such as feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to, etc. are also followed by bare infinitives.
6Q.|*k'X:V!Q9V/M4oBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. I heard them shout something.
,l;E'z5[-i W英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地"a+J&B)l(a.e)i Y
Note: I saw the man cross the road. (= The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)英语论坛,g*l&Q/j+l/d4`6B
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地4O)J:`:s*?#k5w
%t'R;i$u!?0N/s"b
问题38: 哪些动词后应跟不带to的不定式?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1u+h3r2g/r-u#z

.u4\"U'~/C.l;k*_$nBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: 使役动词如:have, let, make, bid, get, help等,通常后面跟不带to的不定式。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方&?7`-F;L/v6U/_
如:They had Bob teach Mary, I will make him charge his plan.
)|;g$W x-L n1{bbs.englishcn.com
m0Y)e!u)d6s"`5e!EBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方感官动词:feel, hear, notice, observe, see, smell, watch, perceive, overhear, listen to 等,也有此种用法。bbs.englishcn.com&d5D0t.T3~;V
如:I heard them shout something.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地$l,b&?)[4C![%a*J
bbs.englishcn.com3@+I;v+j8g
注意区别:I saw the man cross the road. (=The man crossed the road. I saw him do this.)English learners' Forum2]4e"_ ~9B4J0c
I saw the man crossing the road. (= I saw the man while he was crossing the road.)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:51  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
39: Our teacher told us only

Question 39: Our teacher told us only when a negative sentence's tag question can be in its positive form. Then why the tag question to the sentence "It scarcely rains in that area." is "is it" rather than "isn't it"? BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)W,B*n1~;z&p
bbs.englishcn.com%s)H*^.k1b
Answer: "Seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little" are usually used for negation, so when they are used in a sentence, the tag part should be positive.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方/v:o*y!t4@&F
E.g. He seldom came to see his wife, did he? English learners' Forum8h&^/z'\"Q*u9T1A

*M3u6i&C;{-u英语论坛问题39: 我们老师说只有否定句的反意疑问句才能用肯定形式,那么为什么“It scarcely rains in that area.”的反意疑问句是“is it”而不是“isn't it”呢?%Z!^(B%S5]%D#V
bbs.englishcn.com3_.P!X;V#{)X4D,V/H8s
回答: “seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely, few, little”通常用于表示否定,所以句子中出现这些词的时候,反意疑问句采用肯定的形式。$^"H'}9j)k5E2h8g
如:He seldom came to see his wife, did he?

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40: What's the difference between

Question 40: What's the difference between "late" and "lately"?
+~%L"F"V)U&S;G英语论坛
8]*G)g&V0}5G&o英语论坛Answer: "Late" means "after the usual time".
3P(}5t"r&N3[-G英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. He went to bed late last night.bbs.englishcn.com$Y7H.n;l$|+b)U/l#W8p N
"Lately" means "in the resent past".
:R"y$a7^1s8s0Y英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. I have not seen Mr. Green lately.BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方;N#I6X:l,J#`
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2A)@'o8E;B;V(u*F D*g
问题40: “late”和“lately”有什么区别?#f(m;Y4m;C*Z"k2h)`/o%D

'e"^.r,T6y E/QEnglish learners' Forum回答: “late”表示“晚,迟”。%Y0G0?(o m/{2X
如:He went to bed late last night.
9^8`/}'p7R p-o3l“lately”表示“在最近的时间里”。
8k9U-P3k5S5h y%P.`5e(~#m英语论坛如:I have not seen Mr. Green lately.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:52  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 

现在开通英语博克!
41: I found that "formally"

Question 41: I found that "formally" and "formerly" are very confusing. What's the difference between them?English learners' Forum*Z,s-v!?"Y"V6W"u

7a,J5m {.L)?;~ b1]bbs.englishcn.comAnswer: The two words are, though similar in spelling, totally different in meaning. "Formally" means "according to accepted rules and customs".
1G!]'E-g"Q2f英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. One should be formally addressed on important occasions.English learners' Forum(y;a9p'H/t(g5f7q)T O
"Formerly" means "previously, in earlier times".英语论坛#y(T;\;~(p
E.g. Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.bbs.englishcn.com4C0M9[(\1Y"`4~.v6E:l"q
bbs.englishcn.com9g)t7F/R8C:N2c-R,@6_
问题41: 我觉得“formally”和“formerly”很容易混淆。请问怎么区分?
/Z p:i%A1[BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
9^5B-q8F.{7U#W3hEnglish learners' Forum回答: 这两个词虽然在拼写上很相近,但意义却完全不同。“formally”意为“正式的,符合规矩和习惯的”。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地#^'V*U&I n.^(l
如:One should be formally addressed on important occasions.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地0c R6w#u-c8o:p3}6q)Z5~
“formerly”的意思是“过去,早先的时候”。
n&N'c*g)@4u'?+t"W)D-mBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方如:Formerly, he was the chairman of the committee.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:53  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
42: What's the tag question to

Question 42: What's the tag question to the sentence "He has to study English."? 英语论坛#C7b9C.u,P,C

.K.R7H*L"E"d9W0P英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地Answer: "Have to" is a semi-auxiliary thus we should use "don't" in the tag question.English learners' Forum*s6m4z+c;X6j3d+})~
E.g. He has to study English, doesn't he?
3~&e"t B:{'a英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地The same rule can be applied to "used to" and "had better".BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方(n$f#h,x4E$u i
E.g. They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方"O"\3E3T$x;b0P
         You'd better go at once, hadn't you? bbs.englishcn.com)p T'[%v!n3M%] l'I$n;q
Note:
1Q"L$Z%_1a-PBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方1). "have" as auxiliary verb英语论坛(y+y.?'c-X;G:T;d
E.g. He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地)f)Y3C&X%S8I
2). "have" as action verbEnglish learners' Forum,G"a!R)D X1C7j
E.g. You have no brother, do you?
;@'J1|:d"l/o.m
&r;W&E4Y6v(a/j1ZBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方问题42: “He has to study English.”的反意疑问部分应该是怎样的?
+O,}#Q-@+o-X+T英语论坛
(n'`.W3N-u0U)z9LBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “have to”是一个半助动词,所以反意疑问句应用“don't”。
7K;s$i6u5I:M&_英语论坛如:He has to study English, doesn't he?-Q8Q!w%\9?"l"w
“used to”和“had better”也适合此规则。
"n#i1H.V/I.C如:They used to live there, didn't (usedn't) they?/k*H(B"|,h4{%A"T&N.\
        You'd better go at once, hadn't you?9Z"p;o2P)d)\){
注意:
!i ?1K(L5~English learners' Forum1).“have”作为助动词。8e-^$U/G&C;?'z
如:He has always had his hair cut on Sunday, hasn't he?bbs.englishcn.com$x"k.Q+U-A*})M4F!b,F
2).“have”作为实义动词。
0^7j1w5v%E3T3L7d$fbbs.englishcn.com如:You have no brother, do you?

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43: Are there any absolute

Question 43: Are there any absolute rules of the usage of adverbs and adjectives? English learners' Forum4a-_0W7q,p:{&?7F-k-J2@8i
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方5|-T!J1p1o;J;J
Answer: There is no absolute rules. Some adjectives can be used as adverbs, such as: early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, etc.
:[#x!X/R#w)Z/ABBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方Examples:
0u%z'~1E N*y:m8}(YEnglish learners' Foruma) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地9Z/]'K:U.x8f4~
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).
9N2^$N:_(~6^9P&f英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.英语论坛'y!d!~;B+S%~8D n
d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).
S1s6I2U,E.k%E;@0FSome time and direction adverbs can also be used as adjectives, such as: above, then, after, up, down, always, home, etc.bbs.englishcn.com$}8n4h2T*C2P:]8d
Examples:
*D2a2A9~5d4_BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方a) I disagree to the above statement.
6}6h0P E,O英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地b) The down path is very dangerous.
%Y)T2g9n%G"ibbs.englishcn.com英语论坛4Q/N4^4d/G
问题43: 形容词和副词在用法上是否有绝对的规则?
'D+s"d N$k5X%Q英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地
'J$U5s"I)_3N4a回答: 并没有绝对的规则。一些形容词可用作副词,如:early, past, half, long, straight, fast, hard, quick, deep, slow, pretty, awful, wrong, right, high, late, hourly, weekly, 等。bbs.englishcn.com!P-W&j0h.i4t
例:+|*B*A6N$S(P(h)`
a) We had an early (adj.) breakfast.English learners' Forum8s:N/m+h.t9Y0n,U,k
b) We had breakfast early (adv.).English learners' Forum g({)x'a6h!a s
c) We went by a fast (adj.) train.
#z'D$}2j0Z*|!Z/j/n#A9iBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方d) Don't speak so fast (adv.).英语论坛.K8V$a$m"e1Q6C
一些表示时间和方向的副词也可以被用作形容词,如:above, then, after, up, down, always, home, 等。英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地 @%@*~!g$K-M4i4k6]/^
例:
"]:]6e0~9X0o-a jbbs.englishcn.coma) I disagree to the above statement.
2^(U-W-~4Z!e2\"f$j!Fbbs.englishcn.comb) The down path is very dangerous.

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
44: What's the difference between "

Question 44: What's the difference between "already", "yet" and "still"? ,m#@-c(l7o,j

8E2K'v8B._"n)wbbs.englishcn.comAnswer: "Already" is used in affirmative sentences; "yet" is used in negative sentences.
([,k8Q5r6](?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g.
'U*g0a2W/w6v6c6k;d英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地1) He has already finished his homework.
0Q0D;l,_:\!IEnglish learners' Forum2) I have not finished reading the book yet.
"h+X2[.r0o&C$T8CNote: when "already" is used in an interrogative sentence, it expresses a surprise.
0u:e-J4H!C+g.?(?$sBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方E.g. Have you already seen him? 英语论坛#c J5{)};x,R5e7o.^9u5~
"Still" can be used in both affirmative and negative sentences. It expresses the meaning of continuation of actions and states of affairs.
(~6L5C7l)^ I9ZEnglish learners' ForumE.g. bbs.englishcn.com7o%A#P#S-Z7J.f/P9L,N
1) She still likes him.
$a1D$q2B'S(D#t,TBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方2) I still can not understand you.
-?7v#\'~+q+d%k*GNote: The position of "still" before or after the verb makes difference in meaning.bbs.englishcn.com)Q/]'G%?-u"B/w%`2u
E.g. 英语论坛9c0Q)u9c4l&U*I&{
1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)英语论坛#M!Z+u;F5|/h
2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)
5J$r&N+P*@BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方)Z%t(P5_)M1[9w-x3m7g
问题44: “already”, “yet”和“still”有什么区别?
9P:x+b8V Y;y,K4Z英语论坛
#D*Q*W&R#y;|+f'JBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方回答: “already”用于肯定句,“yet”用于否定句。bbs.englishcn.com,|9R7Y9v-f'w
如:English learners' Forum8u6k!T;z:m;k6Z;?
1) He has already finished his homework.English learners' Forum*S#?6n#v+B6i#`:o!L)R!n
2) I have not finished reading the book yet. BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方 p$s/D+Y$T0a8P
注意:“already”用于疑问句时,表示惊奇。
2A$H/[7X(c2k(Tbbs.englishcn.com如:Have you already seen him? 英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地-N"R6f6d1n(m(s
“still”既可用于肯定句又可用于否定句,表示动作或状态的持续。BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方-|)w%b5l*G6l E(q/v4O'Q6r
如:英语论坛3c k0W#Q8J"E3c.m
1) She still likes him.
7b k/o2Y Y9w3n#A.E;r3g+\&s英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) I still can not understand you.
-P(n+N+X!F,H%U:eBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方注意:“still”置于动词前后,会使句意发生变化。English learners' Forum6}:p6x'D*{(u;?#Q
如:
:l7o'k)O4t.j-|9eEnglish learners' Forum1) He is still standing. (continue to stand)
4A"}0K1z'^英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地2) He is standing still. (=standing motionless)

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发表于 2007-6-2 07:54  资料  个人空间  短消息  加为好友 
45: How to raise a tag question to "

Question 45: How to raise a tag question to "let's" phrase?
6H8u)Q1@-a9k5X4Q-N2bBBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方
:O!h l7t)]-Q4Q$~0?Answer: When it is positive, "shall we" is used as the interrogative part.
2C(@ K,a;c2@&v英语网上资源论坛,中西杂谈,英语问题区,电脑英语论坛,实用英语论坛,翻译论坛-口译笔译,出国考试 ,国内考试,国际交友,同城交流,英语娱乐区,中文休闲屋,论坛精华区,英语学习,英语快餐,English study,English BBS,Forum,英语博客基地E.g. Let's play tennis, shall we?bbs.englishcn.com(G-z6n0\+C9k
When it is negative, "all right, O.K." should be used.bbs.englishcn.com%}+v+y3D,Y.h
E.g. Let's not go to the party, OK?
.u1Q i/e2{7f H-T*`2qbbs.englishcn.comPay attention to the difference between "let us" and "let's".
7g$Y(w(t.a$sLet's go to the party, shall we? (expressing suggestion)英语论坛1y7s(`(T#m-I:y7M1b;B/[4\
Let us go to the movies, will you? (expressing request)
*@$p0m;~6A;R英语论坛English learners' Forum-c/R/?+^-E3N+K1U
问题45: “let's”短语的反意疑问句是怎样的?BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方7X;]"T.\9S'O;},X6o;`
BBS.EnglishCN.com是英语学习者和爱好者交流与提高的地方*B8I)H,r5A&y
回答: 如果是肯定句,反意疑问部分应该用“shall we”。"]8V4B6c)z3p*E3B#n/z2t
如:Let's play tennis, shall we?
5r"^5W(U%L0z;o5~English learners' Forum如果是否定句,则应该用“all right”或“OK”。
3M)B*_/E-d/T;d;f*E英语论坛如:Let's not go to the party, OK? bbs.englishcn.com!M(a"V%w0j0_
注意区别“let us”和“let's”。2i.t9F8z7q"O3Z
Let's go to the party, shall we? (表示提议)
:F*M0q/I+N8o'Z(M+}English learners' ForumLet us go to the movies, will you? (表示要求)

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