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  Designation :

  For and on behalf of : (signature) ,

  本合同分为四个大部分(缺附录,schedule)。与上一合同基本相同,但第一段没有谓语,不是个完整的句子。个别用词与前一合同有差别。最后落款处还多了了“职务”,即designation(有的合同还惯用position)。

  ,

  C. 香港 ,

  CONTRACT

  CONTACT NO.

  SIGNING DATE/PLACE ,

  THE BUYER: Name

  Legal Address

  Contact ,

  THE SELLER: Name

  Legal Address

  Contact ,

  This contract is made by and between the Buyer and the Seller.

  Whereby the Buyer agrees o buy and the Seller agrees to sell the

  under-mentioned commodity according to the terms and conditions. ,

  1. NAME OF COMMODITY AND SCOPE OF THE CONTRACT

  2. PRICE

  3. PAYMENT译

  4. PACKING

  5. ,

  IN WITHNESS WHEREOF, this contract has been executed effective as

  of the date first above written. ,

  THE BUYER THE SELLER

  ___________ ___________

  By:__________ By:__________

  Date:——_________ Date:——_________ ,

  THE END USER

  ___________

  By: __________

  Date: ——____-_________ ,

  比起前两个合同,该买卖合同的不同之处于在于,合同开头出现了合同编号和签署日期,当事人名称或姓名采用简单列举式。证明部分用完成时被动态,最后落款处SIGNED

  BY项目,但增加了最终用户一项。 ,

  D. 日本 ,

  SERVICE AGREEMENT ,

  This agreement is made and entered into on March 1st ,2001, by and between______ LTD (hereinafter referred to as "PARTY A"), and ________CO., LTD. ((hereinafter referred to as "PARTY B") (来源:英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

  WITNESSTH:

  WHEREAS, PARTY B has requested by PARTY A to dispatch its personal for the purpose of _______ to PARTY b; and

  WHEREAS, (PARTY A is willing to dispatch its personnel t PARTY B in response to such PARTY B's request)

  NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual promises and covenants herein contained , the parties hereto agree as follows:

  1.

  2.

  3.

  IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed by their respective duly authorized officers as of the date first herinabove written.

  ______ Ltd. ________ Co., Ltd. ,

  (signature) (signature)

  MANAGING DIRECTOR MANAGING DIRECTOR

  该合同也由四大部分构成,与上述合同最大的不同在于,在叙述部分上端加了一个WITNESSETH(鉴于),最后落款处也没有SIGNED BY 项目,但授权签字代表的职位真接打出来,放在签字的下一行。别外,当事人的简称部分用的都是大写。

  相比之下,英文合同除个别地方外,整个合同的段落排列,句式和用词大同小异。在草拟英文合同时,只要仿用上述任何一个,都算是地道的英文表达。

  用词特点(formal term)

  合同英语的用词极其考究,具有特定性。要求选词专业化(professional)、正式(formal)、准确(accurate)。具体体现在下列方面:

  1. May, shall, must ,may not (或shall not) 的使用 ,May, shall , must ,may not (或shall not)对学过英语的人再熟悉不过,但在合同中用这些词时要极其谨慎。权利义务的约见定部分构成了合同的主体。这几个词如选用不当,可能会引起纠纷。

  may 旨在约定当事人的权利(可以做什么),Shall约定当事人的义务(应当做什么时候), must 用于强制性义务(必须做什么),may not (或shall not)用于禁止性义务(不得做什么)。May do 不能说成can do, shall do, 不能说成should do 或ought to do, may not do 在美国一些法律文件可以用shall not,但绝不能用can not do或must not ) 例如,在约定解决争议的途径时的,可以说

  The parties hereto shall, first of all, settle any dispute arising from or in connection with the contract by friendly negotiations.

  Should such negotiations fail, such dispute may be referred to the People's Court having jurisdiction on such dispute for settlement in the absence of any arbitration clause in the disputed contract or in default of agreement reached after such dispute occurs. ,

  本句中的shall 和may表达准确。出现争议后应当先行协商,所以采用了义务性“约定”,如果协商解决不了,作为当事人的权利,用选择性约定may也很妥当。如果may和 shall调换位置会怎么样? 前半句的shall换用may后,意思变成了当事人可以通过协商解决,意思上说得过去,但后半句的may换用shall 后,变成了应当诉讼解决,好象一出事,就要先见官,这就有些不友好了。

  本句可译:双方首先应通过友好协商,解决因合同而发生的或与合同有关的争议。如果协商未果,合同中又无仲裁条款约定或争议发生后未就仲裁达成协方的,可将争议提交有管辖权的人民法院解决。

  ,

  2. 正式用语(formal term)

  合同英语有着严肃的风格,与其它英语作品有很大不同。 ,

  例如: ,

  “因为”的短语多用“by virtue of ",远远多于”due to“一般不用”because of “;
 
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